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Animal Cloning Debate

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Introduction

"This house is for animal cloning" Cloning is the production of a clone that is then defined as "a cell, cell product, or organism that is genetically identical to the unit or individual from which it was derived." [1] For While it is controversial, animal cloning has many uses in advancing the scientific technology and knowledge of our age. Famous 'Dolly the Sheep' was cloned by scientists at the Roslin Institute in order to research the production of medicines in the milk of cattle [2]. Animal cloning has a great use, it brings about new information which it has done in the cases of producing the blood clotting agent factor IX to treat haemophilia and producing alpha-1-antitrypsin to treat cystic fibrosis and other lung conditions [2]. ...read more.

Middle

The continued study of animal clone cells could, according to scientists, lead to a greater comprehension of the development of the embryo in young as well as the mysteries of age-related diseases. On a more conservational level cloning animals may be able to ensure the continuation of endangered species or rare breeds of certain animals. Against Mostly those who are against animal cloning do not doubt its scientific merit but are incredibly concerned at where the technology is heading. It is argued that animal cloning inevitably leads to human cloning. The cloning of humans brings up many ethical issues, Christian doctrines explain that human life is sacred [4] and a gift from God therefore cloning would be classified as "playing God". ...read more.

Conclusion

Opposes argue that over 95% of cloning attempts fail with animals having to suffer physical and psychological impairment during scientific trailing [5]. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) continues to say that "Large Offspring Syndrome" affects 50% of all clones but only 6% of "conventional" births [5]. The American Anti-Vivisection Society [6] argues that animal cloning is a "trip into the unknown" and that no one can see the potential scientific risks involved; they are also very concerned that a number of diseases could be potentially crossed into the human environment if cloned animals were eaten or their by-products. Despite this in December 2006 [6], the FDA concluded that milk and meat from cloned animals should be safe to consume, activist groups negate this claim. ...read more.

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