• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Archaeological Instruments - 11th Century.

Extracts from this document...


ARCHAEOLOGICAL INSTRUMENTS - 11TH CENTURY When we talk about the 11th century two important periods come to our minds: Viking�s and Norman�s period ( principally in Europe). This two groups were known as conquerors, because in every time they have to expand their "empire", they used it in order to obtain more and more territories. United Kingdom was one of the conquered countries during the 11th century, but although the normans won they had a very diffivult battle in land. Thanks to the archaeology, now we can know about the instruments, weapons and other things that characterized this century. WAR The weapons below are replicas of the ones used in the 11th century. When they were fighting also, they include spears, swords, knives, hand axes and the large Dane Axes which were used by the Saxons at the Battle of Hastings. The helmet shown in the next picture is called a spangenhelm. It is conical so as to deflect blows. ...read more.


The swords were the most important weapons they used for combats: Viking Age ~ 700 to 1066 AD Viking swords average about 37 inches in length overall and will, especially toward the later part of the period, show increasing taper towards the point and a deeper central fuller in the center of each blade face. Pattern welding diminishes during the middle of this epoch to be replaced by iron inlaid names and designs usually formed with twisted rods, such as were used in pattern-welding, hot-forged into the surface of the blade. The pommels and guards generally have a base of iron sometimes covered by non-ferrous metals often in geometric designs. The phrase "Viking sword" may be somewhat of a misnomer as similar swords are seen throughout Europe at this time, even in central western Europe, and with only a few exceptions, even if a design were made in only one area, trade scattered it widely. Norman Period ~ 1066 to 1180 AD The evolution of the Viking sword continues with blades becoming, on average, three or four inches longer. ...read more.


The scenes are joined into a linear sequence allowing the viewer to "read" the entire story starting with the first scene and progressing to the last. The Tapestry would probably have been displayed in a church for public view. History is written by the victors and the Tapestry is above all a Norman document. In a time when the vast majority of the population was illiterate, the Tapestry's images were designed to tell the story of the conquest of England from the Norman perspective. It focuses on the story of William, making no mention of Hardrada of Norway nor of Harold's victory at Stamford Bridge. The following are some excerpts taken from this extraordinary document. JEWELRY Both men and women wore necklaces. These might be simple ones with a couple of beads on a thread or leather thong, or more elaborate ones, as shown here. Most of the beads here are millefiori, with some amber and bone ones. Wood, clay, semi-precious stones and plain glass were also used for beads. The beads are arranged in an irregular pattern. The trefoil (three lobed) brooch is a design which Viking women used to fasten their large triangular cloaks. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Morality of War section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Morality of War essays

  1. What evidence is there for prehistoric interpersonal violence in the archaeological record?

    The bodies were then buried, in what would appear to be a hurried way (the bodies are all intact so they could not have been exposed for long) and then thrown into a pit. The manner of this burial shows that the people who killed this population had little, or no respect for them.

  2. Legalization of Marijuana in Brazil

    It has become a permanent part of contemporary society. Do people really think that the use of marijuana is going to stop because it is illegal? If it was legalized, even the government could benefit by making marijuana farmers pay taxes for a license to allow them to grow it.

  1. What are the characteristic features of Reliabilism, and how reliable is it?

    Although one may formulate a belief in their own mind, one needs more than inter-reflection. This is highlighted by the fact that the reliability of the method by which A arrives at the conclusion p is dependant upon the environment in which the belief was formed.

  2. The Western Front: Tanks!

    And if they somehow managed to, then they would be at the mercy of the enemy! Or if the tracks stopped or it broke, then they would also be at the mercy of enemy! 15.24) Tanks changed modern warfare completely!

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work