• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Architecture and decoration of the Parthenon.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Architecture and decoration of the Parthenon The Parthenon is a Doric order temple with a rectangular floor plan with a series of low steps on every side, and a colonnade (8 x 17) of Doric columns around the outside of the entire structure. Although the temple is predominantly Doric there are some aspects of and ionic temple incorporated into it. There is an inner section of the Parthenon were Doric columns give way to ionic. Another example of this is the frieze; it uses ionic components that were borrowed from the ionic design. The frieze itself is a very important aspect of the temple it surrounds the temple, it's relatively small size (3 feet 5inces tall) made it fairly hard to see from the ground, unlike the metopes the frieze has a single subject on all four sides it depicts a procession of horsemen, musicians, sacrificial animals and other figures with various religious functions. ...read more.

Middle

On the west side the mythical battle against the amazons and on the south the battle between the Lapiths and centaurs, on the east the battle between the gods and the giants and on the north the Greeks verses the Trojans. The interior has three chambers. The pronaos leads to the cellar, and that leads to the opisthodomas. Originally the rear chamber was called the Parthenon, (chamber of the virgin) while the cellar was known as Naos Hecatompedos. The Athenians eventually just started the Parthenon after the rear chamber. Windows show the statue of Athena from the outside and around the east door. At the front and rear of the building, within the outer colonnade were two porticoes, the pronaos and opisthodomos, with six columns each. ...read more.

Conclusion

This makes the building look as though it is different than what is actually going in the structure. When creating this temple, the idea was not to create a straight line, but to make something close to it that comes from the idea of a curve. These half straight, half curved lines give the illusion that the building is 'embracing the ground'. When a solid weight rests on a surface it gives the impression of an upward movement, this makes it look separate from the base. This is not what they were trying for with the Parthenon. They used the slightly curved aspect to make the weight look as though it is going towards the ground. This same idea is related to how the columns work as well. Optical distortion had been used for more than a hundred years before the Parthenon, but the Parthenon takes the idea to another level. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Hinduism section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Hinduism essays

  1. Why is the Temple of Apollo Epikourios at Bassae an interesting building?

    A Doric column doesn't have a base - it rests directly onto the stylobate. The capital is plain, unlike Ionic columns. On top of the capital is the entablature which is made up of a plain architrave, a frieze divided up into triglyphs (only in this case the frieze is interior not exterior), and sculpted metopes.

  2. To what extent were propaganda and national pride as important as religion in the ...

    However, no other states came to the conference that Pericles had organised. When this happened, Athens made the decision to rebuild the temples without the input of the other states. As Pericles had proposed the building of the Parthenon, he had to influence the population about funding the huge project.

  1. The novel, The Temple of Gold by William Goldman,

    This is emphasized by Goldman's use of plot. Ray Trevitt endures many things that a normal teenager wouldn`t. He comes face to face with the death with anything he develops a relationship with; his father's goldfish, his grandmother, his dog, his best friend, friend in the army, and finally, his father.

  2. Describe a visit to a Hindu place of pilgrimage, explaining its importance to believers.

    is always used for making religious offerings, for eating and for giving and receiving money. A variety of points along the route to the shrine, pilgrims listen to the leader as he tells them stories from the mythology of the divinity.

  1. RE Coursework Section B - Hinduism

    Bhakti is a medative prayer; it consists of a worshipper going into a deep state of meditation, allowing them to be spiritually awake. This benefits the worshipper because it relaxes their mind and enables them to go into a state of deep concentration.

  2. Do the temples you have studied. Bear out Tomlinson's view that there was a ...

    The pediments of the temple showed two very legendary scenes: the pediment in the East showed the chariot race between Pelops and Oinomaos, and in the West a battle between Lapiths and Centaurs is depicted. The temple was built c.470 - 450 BC (14 years - the average time taken to build a temple).

  1. Attacks on religious minotirties in Bangaladesh

    This amendment clearly abandoned the secular principle on which Bangladesh founded in 1972. However, Article 28(1) of the constitution states that: "The state shall not discriminate against any citizens on grounds of only religion, race caste, sex, or place of birth."

  2. Is the Parthenon a Typical Doric Temple?

    They are fluted with a plain rounded disk for a capital. This is the plainest part of the column. They have square bases with circular capitals and a plain sided shaft. The Doric Capitals consist of an echinus and a square abacus which both support the entablature.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work