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Assess Critically the Claim that the Concept of Supremely Perfect Being is Incoherent.

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Introduction

Assess Critically the Claim that the Concept of Supremely Perfect Being is Incoherent. A Supremely Perfect Being is one who is Omnipotent, Transcendent, Omniscient, Omnipresent and Omni benevolent. However, these attributes in cohere with each other for many reasons, such as Omniscience and Omnipotence. The meaning of Incoherency is when there is a lack of logical organisation in the way something is thought out or expressed that makes it difficult to understand, for example it is difficult to understand a bachelor to be a married man. To say a Supremely Perfect Being is Omnipotent (all-powerful) brings the consequence that they can do everything including the logically impossible such us bring it about that two plus two equals four, or make a four-sided triangle. Let's assume the Paradox of the Stone, if a Supremely Perfect Being is Omnipotent, then they could create a stone too heavy, that even they could not lift. Though since they could not lift it, means there is something they could not do, then they are therefore not omnipotent. On the other hand, if they cannot create such a heavy stone, because they can lift all possible stones, they are not omnipotent because there is something they cannot do. Either way it looks as though, a Supremely Perfect Being cannot be Omnipotent. ...read more.

Middle

Meaning that a Supremely Perfect Being is timeless (outside of time), and does not know things which are future for them. Since for them there is no past, present or future. However, a problem with this suggestion is that if a Supremely Perfect Being's knowledge is in one eternal present, it makes all events simultaneous for a Supremely Perfect Being, and means that they cannot know simple tensed propositions such as 'WW2 happened before I was born'. Really, the idea that the past, present and future is going all at the same time seems incoherent. Another suggestion was that a Supremely Perfect Being, chose to do without certain bits of knowledge, so that we can still be free. On this understanding a Supremely Perfect Being has decided to be ignorant of future contingents in order they still be contingents. However, being ignorant of things that it is possible to know (even though only probably possible for only a Supremely Perfect Being to know) is not to be omniscient. Either way, for a Supremely Perfect being to be omniscient is incoherent. From another viewpoint, if a Supremely Perfect Being is omniscient, then they know future contingents, but if they knew in the future that there was to be evil, then it is right to say, do they not have the power to stop it, if they were also omnipotent. ...read more.

Conclusion

In consequence we cannot fully grasp what anything would be like that was completely beyond the physical universe. This raises the issue that a Supremely Perfect Being is outside our understanding and therefore cannot have any meaningful grasp of the idea of a Supremely Perfect Being or a Supremely Perfect Being's attributes. An answer would be that we are able to have an unfinished grasp of what a Supremely Perfect Being is like and we can talk meaningfully about the attributes, however in a metaphorical way, for example 'A Supremely Perfect Being is a star'. But most metaphors can be explained, made literal, thought it isn't clear what 'A Supremely Perfect Being is a star' might literally mean. If we were to say a Supremely Perfect Being is Transcendent, then they are immaterial and exist outside time, meaning they are not subject to the laws of physics. Yet, if a Supremely Perfect Being is out of time, then they are not Omnipresent (everywhere). So Omnipresence and Transcendence are incoherent, because if a Supremely Perfect Being was transcendent they would be out of the natural world, but since they are omnipresence they are everywhere. In conclusion the notion of a Supremely Perfect Being is incoherent because all the attributes, Omnipotent, Transcendent, Omniscient, Omnipresent and Omni benevolent, which a Supremely perfect being possesses either in coheres individually such as Omnipotence and Omnipresence. Or in cohere with each other such as Omnipotence and Omni benevolence. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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