• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Assess the significance of knowledge of its Jewish background for a full understanding of the last supper?

Extracts from this document...


Assess the significance of knowledge of its Jewish background for a full understanding of the last supper? Luke sees the Last Supper as a direct parallel to the Jewish Passover in the Old Testament. Scholars such as 1Caird would argue against this and feels that Luke has not been accurate about the date of the meal in relation to the Passover. It is argued that the Last Supper was not a Passover meal since only two elements of the Passover meal, bread and wine, were involved and it has been said that if the lambs were being killed on the day of the last supper then Jesus and his disciples were eating it a day early. Furthermore, It would have been against the Passover rules for any work to be prohibited. The Sanhedrin would not have functioned. In addition, religious leaders would have risked ritual defilement by having anything to do with Pilate at the time. The whole business of the trials and especially the element of urgency about them. Caird tells us that not all of Luke's information was accurate about the Jewish Festival. ...read more.


The Passover was much a celebration of spiritual freedom as the physical liberation from slavery. This refers to the forgiveness of sins and thus achieving freedom through union with God. A whole lamb was required to be eaten on the night of the Passover. It was a reminder of the first Passover in which the angel of death was kept from the first-born of Israel, protected by the blood of the lamb. However this was missing from the Last Supper parable. According to 5Morris it may that Luke simply chose to leave out this part since so much extra emphasis was put on the cup and unleavened bread instead. However a more convincing argument put forward by Ellis is the fact that the lack of lamb suggests that Jesus knew he was being the lamb. This is an indication that Jesus knew what was going to happen into the future. It was hardly a coincidence that he was being crucified at the same time as the symbol of God's past deliverance in the temple courts. ...read more.


According to 8Barrel this is another link with the Jewish Passover. When the Jews were suffering, it was their faith in the Promised Land that sustained their hope and faith. Jesus also spoke of the promised Kingdom of God to those who believed. This gave the gospel readers faith. When Jesus raises the cup and states, "take this as my body and blood" in reference to the bread and wine. 9Ellis believes that is also a reference to the suffering servant in Isaiah 53.12 who "poured out his soul and death... to bear the sins of many". According to 10Stanton underlying this is once again the theme of freedom from our sins from the blood of Christ. While the bread pertains to the earthly body and sinless life of the Lord Jesus, the wine is a visual symbol of His shed blood and violent death as the divine provision for men's forgiveness of sin. In conclusion, it is vital to have knowledge of the Jewish background for a full understanding of the Last Supper. Without this background information, we cannot be sure to what extent the Last Supper is significant in Jesus ministry. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Christmas section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Christmas essays

  1. How Christians Interpret And Celebrate The Last Supper Today

    In Baptist and United Reformed Churches, church leaders distribute the wine in separate glasses. People drink from separate cups together. In the Church of England the congregation receives the bread knelling at the altar. In some Protestant Churches the worshippers stand around the altar or table in small groups.

  2. The Last Supper

    He prayed that, if it were possible, the awful hour awaiting Him might pass him by. "Abba, Father," he said, "everything is possible for You. Please take this cup of suffering away from Me. Yet I want Your will, not Mine." Then He returned and found the disciples asleep. "Simon!"

  1. My understanding of the meaning of 'Here' by R.S. Thomas.

    hand over my brow' is a caring action, and 'you can feel the place where the brains grow', brings across an image to the reader of the mother placing her hand onto her stomach where her baby is growing. In the next stanza, 'I am like a tree' could be

  2. Assess the nature of the kingdom as it is presented in Luke's gospel. Show ...

    This can be rectified as the 'parousia'. According to Albert Schweitzer, who first popularised this idea meant however, that Jesus held the same expectations as many Jewish apocalyptic writers of his day. He suggested that Jesus believed God would intervene immediately in the affairs of humanity and that his own

  1. The Last Supper.

    There's no way that Jesus and his disciples would have been arranged anything like in the picture. However this all had a purpose as, Leonardo was making a painting that he wanted viewers to understand clearly. If he tried to show his Renaissance audience a large group of people with

  2. Amine the Nature and Significance of the Discourses "I am the Light of the ...

    Kingdom of God was present on Earth in the form of Jesus. In the "I am the light of the world discourse" Jesus says "I am from above", "I am not of this world", "I stand with the Father". Jesus has brought the Kingdom of God to people, they must have faith in him to gain access to eternal life.

  1. Did the ressurection happen?

    have been real because there could not be such a thing as a mass hallucination. The disciples had known Jesus for 3 years and so Jesus appearing to them and convincing them that he was not a ghost, must have been more than just a statement trying to reinforce their

  2. The sacrament of the Eucharist cannot be understood without the knowledge of the Jewish ...

    horses could not follow as of the marshy grounds and their heavy armour. The Last Supper The "Last Supper" in Mark's gospel is actually called the "lord's supper." Jesus met with the twelve disciples for the Passover meal. It was a family meal and not just a meal to satisfy hunger.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work