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Augustine believed that God is wholly good and made the world perfect

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Introduction

Augustine believed that God is wholly good and made the world perfect. He created everything ex nihilo. Augustine believes that because God is perfect, he could not have created evil. Evil is a result of humans giving into temptation and stepping out of the created order. However, this may not successfully explain the problem of evil because there are some flaws. It is believed that God created the world to be good. This is because in genesis, God created everything and said it was good. God could not have created evil, because it is just a deprivation of good, it is not a substance. ...read more.

Middle

That there must have been other people apart from Adam and Eve that existed, otherwise the world would have been created through incest. Even with this knowledge, we cannot blame Adam for original sin, because it is true that at some point in our lives, we all have sinned. Therefore, moral evil can be accounted for all the wrong things humans have done. Augustine believed that natural evil is a consequence of sin, and also becomes our fault. This is because we stepped outside of God's 'created order'. We do not obey God anymore, so the world does not obey us. This is why we have earthquakes and tsunamis. ...read more.

Conclusion

However, some people do not believe that all suffering is balanced with justice, such as a deer caught in barbed wire after being burned in a fire and dying a slow painful death. It does not seem like this suffering was accounted for. In conclusion, Augustine's theodicy is a good answer to the problem of evil, stating that it is our sins that lead to all the evil in the world. However, the suffering of innocent animals such as the deer which does not seem to be balanced by anything. So this theory is not a completely satisfactory explanation for the problem of evil. 'Augustine's theodicy successfully explains the problem of evil, while allowing God to remain all powerful and good' Do you agree? Give reasons for your answer, showing you have considered another point of view. ...read more.

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