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'Because God is Good, we are moved to do Good' - Discuss with reference to Aristotle's concept of God on the Final cause.

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Introduction

Sara Penny Philosophy 'Because God is Good, we are moved to do Good' - Discuss with reference to Aristotle's concept of God on the Final cause: Aristotle believed that everybody is directed towards a final aim, and that there is a purpose to everything we do. He believed that within this aim there were superior and subordinate aims. Subordinate aims were what you had to achieve to obtain the superior aim. There are even more superior aims above those. For Aristotle the final aim was the good of all humanity. He believed that every person was of a group whether it be your family, your village, your city, or your country, therefore Aristotle concluded that nobody is truly individual. ...read more.

Middle

But most people are happy with a variety of cultures and races). To overcome this problem, Aristotle placed people into three categories; - Those who love pleasure (most people) - Those who love honour (politicians) and - Those who love contemplation (philosophers). Aristotle contended the four causes, which explained why something existed the way that it did. These consisted of the material cause; what something is made of, the efficient cause; what brought it into being, the formal cause; characteristics that determine its categorisation and the final cause; what it is for. The final cause is the most important cause as when the purpose or end, telos, is known we are able to see somethings full perfection. ...read more.

Conclusion

Aristotle named this being as God. He believed that God was the efficient and final cause of the universe, on whom all creation depended and who was the source of justice, truth, beauty and goodness. However, God was not to be considered in a personal way and has no need for the universe or its contents. Aristotle thought that God was extremely happy because he contemplates himself. He is unlike everything else in the universe as he has no potential to change. For Aristotle God was a being that never did anything, he neither creates or sustains. Peter Vardy stated Aristotle's God is the cause in the form of the 'Great Attractor'. He attracts all things as he is supremely good. We are attracted to him as our final aim is to be with him. ...read more.

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