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Biography of Mahatma Gandhi

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Introduction

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2nd 1869, in a town near Bombay. He was born into a family of six children and he was the youngest. His father's profession was an advisor to one of the states in Gujarat province. His mother was uneducated. Gandhi married Kasturba at the age of thirteen. The marriage affected his schooling, but soon he was able to catch up. His father died when he was in Grade 10(Indian education system). He was the first person to complete a high school education. Gandhi then attended a college, failed to succeed and dropped out after three months. A family friend advised Gandhi that, in order to be a Barrister in India, he would have to complete a B.A degree. He decided to go to England. His brother sold some of the family land and his wife sold most of her jewellery to raise funds for his ticket. After obtaining his mother's consent, Gandhi left India on September 1888, at the age of 18. In London, Gandhi was able to complete his law course. ...read more.

Middle

He tried to encourage his people to move away from foreign materials and foreign help without using violence of any kind. Gandhi experienced success in 1930, when he challenged the British government saying that he would disregard the Salt Tax, if it was not withdrawn within the following ten days. The government ignored his threat. Gandhi carried out his defiance by marching 241 miles, on foot, in twenty four days. He was breaking the law publicly. Then, for the first time, the British Empire consented to talk with the people of India about granting them independence. Gandhi was seen as the sole representative of the people. Gandhi held a series of talks with the Viceroy in India and also attended conferences in London. For the next 16 years the British Empire used many techniques to stop India gaining independence and at times sent thousands of people to jail. Slowly they were losing their grip on India. Gandhi himself was jailed for almost 7 years during his life time. He used the time to write his papers. Several times his newspapers were banned and the machines burned, but the government discovered that this created great public disturbance. ...read more.

Conclusion

The part I most admire was his policy of non-violence. Gandhi was a man of peace until he fell at the hands of a violent assassin. His death was particularly distressing as it was such a violent one as he was trying to get rid of violence. Even people today say Gandhi was a wonderful man and brought hope and freedom to the people of India. He will always be remembered for his exceptional leadership, qualities and commitment to non-violence. Gandhi will also be remembered for his physical appearance. He was a slender figure, draped in a simple loin cloth. He was identified as the poorest peasant. He sometimes wore rimless glasses perched on the end of his hooked nose. In 1982, was the release of the film "GANDHI." In the film Ben Kingsley plays Gandhi. Ben Kingsley excels as the unassuming hero who leads his countrymen to freedom from British rule using peaceful means. Richard Attenborough (the director of the film) guides his audience on a tour through Gandhi's life, from his first brush with British imperialism when he is ousted from South African train for being a "black" lawyer, to his hunger strikes (fasts) which led to India's peaceful protests against the British and ends with Gandhi's assassination. ...read more.

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