• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Calvin's success in Geneva was due to the organisation and disciplineOf the movement rather than to his theology" how far do you agree with this Statement?

Extracts from this document...


"Calvin's success in Geneva was due to the organisation and discipline Of the movement rather than to his theology" how far do you agree with this Statement? During the Reformation, Calvin was very successful in changing religious practices and getting his ideas across. Geneva had been under the rule of the House of Savoy, but the Genevans successfully overthrew the Savoys and the local bishop-prince of Geneva in the waning years of the 1520's. The Genevans, however, unlike the citizens of Zurich, Bern, Basel, and other cities that became Protestant in the 1520's, were not German-speakers but primarily French-speakers. As such, they did not have close cultural ties with the reformed churches in Germany and Switzerland. The Protestant canton of Bern, however, was determined to see Protestantism spread throughout Switzerland. In 1533, Bern sent Protestant reformers to convert Geneva into a Protestant city; after considerable conflict, Geneva officially became Protestant in 1535. His most important work involved the organisation of church governance and the social organisation of the church and the city. He was, in fact, the first major political thinker to model social organisation entirely on biblical principles. At first his reforms did not go over well. ...read more.


However by the 1550s Calvin had fallen out with Luther over the Eucharist but had come to an agreement with the Zwinglians in The doctrine of justification by faith was more important to him was the doctrine of justification by faith. 'Man' was evil and significant and 'man's' corruption could only be redeemed by the grace of God whose power was omniscient, which implied that 'man' would be saved not on account of his good works but because God had predestined him as one of the 'elect.' Those with faith would be sure of salvation by the doctrine known as single predestination. This would only be known after death and on earth everyone must try to live as good a life as possible. Calvin described his ideas as 'the principle article of the Christian religion,' which were only developed in the 1550's. They differed from Luther and Zwingli, who both placed more emphasis on salvation and did not accept the notion of double predestination. Calvin taught people to 'know God by whom all men were created' which became the centre of his creed and the 'chief end of human life'; and God word would only be revealed by a careful study of and implicit belief in the Bible. ...read more.


reaching its highest point in 1552 when Perrin coupled military leadership with civic leadership and with his relatives and associates supported the magistrates in their attempt to control excommunication. Between 1546-1555 he vanquished his opponents and built up a reputation in a series of show-trials, the image of guardian of public morality, of theological orthodoxy and proponent of reformation principles. He also began to control the local clergy. Overall Calvin revolutionised society. The organisation and the discipline of the church was quite successful as it did help society, and even though he was exiled and people criticised him, Geneva still became an important Protestant centre for Europe. Protestants driven out of France, England, Scotland and the Netherlands came to Geneva to seek refuge. If it wasn't for the new orders, society wouldn't have changed socially, educationally and culturally. His theology however also made a big impact even though it was criticised by people such as Luther but it did improve religion and the church. The most important theological position of Calvinism is that of predestination. Calvin believed that salvation was not a choice, but that it was pre-decided by God at the beginning of time any many people in society also believed this. He made ideas more logical and coherent, so that they could actually understand them. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Places of Worship section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Places of Worship essays

  1. essential elements of 'Calvinism'

    The Institutes enabled Calvin to develop the traditional doctrine of predestination into a doctrine came to be known as double predestination, according to Randell it is "the most widely known aspect of Calvin's religious thinking". The original theology of predestination from St Augustine stated that God had predestined those who

  2. English Reformation

    According to Scarisbrick and Starkey, the English Reformation was fundamentally imposed from the top. Yet it is difficult to accept Scarisbrick's views on the Reformation, since he provides an account with limited acknowledgement of Protestantism, making it difficult to understand why it had occurred at all.

  1. The two religious leaders of the reformation were MartinLuther and John Calvin.

    In the 1520s the people of Geneva revolted against their rulers and Calvin was invited to build a Reformed Church of Geneva. He rearranged the organization of the church governing system and the social organization of the church and the city.

  2. THE CONFESSIONS OF AUGSBURG On 31 October 1517, Dr. Martin Luther, professor of theology ...

    Article XIV states that one must be 'called' to become a minister. This means that no one is allowed to preach in a church unless he has been 'called' up to do so by a higher ranking official. Article XV calls for all festivals which are not stated in the Bible not be celebrated.

  1. ''Luther, more than anyone, was to blame for the schism.''

    This was partly because he was unaware of Albrecht's role as the prime mover behind indulgences, and also because he feels that he is merely bringing the happenings to Albrecht's notice rather than implicity attacking the papacy. This is a primary source and is extremely useful when acquiring an opinion on Luther's criticism of indulgences.

  2. The process whereby religion looses its influence over social life and society is known ...

    Table 3. Religion of respondents, 1991 and 1998 (%) 1991 1998 None 8 9 Catholic 35 38 Mainstream Protestant 47 39 Church of Ireland 19 15 Presbyterian 24 21 Methodist 4 3 Other Christian 8 12 Non-Christian <1 <1 Don't know <1 2 Refused 1 1 (Gray, 2002: 23)

  1. Ministry Project Topic Statement

    By and large Seventh-day Adventists are known for their large evangelistic crusades which emphasize Bible prophecy. At 24-SEVEN Ministry Center we are setting out to lead people into a real relationship with Jesus. The goal of this dissertation will be to discover how to most effectively communicate the Gospel to a postmodern audience within a Seventh-day Adventist setting.

  2. &amp;amp;#147;Calvinism changed religious practices in general more thoroughly than Lutheranism did in Germany&amp;amp;#148; Explain ...

    with God which would be a massive alteration to Catholicism as it meant much of the church organisation itself was undermined. Luther's theology was much different to the Catholic Church at the time. His belief was that heaven could be achieved itself without the church's paraphernalia of confession, penance, sacraments and indulgences.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work