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Capital Punishment

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Introduction

CAPITAL PUNISHMENT For many centuries Kings, governments and those in high positions have punished those who have committed a crime or sacrilegious act in the land or region of which they are in command. Although many hundreds of years ago the punishments were harsh and definitely considered unjust, today, there was a system implicated so as to provide a variation between the severity of the punishments according to the type and magnitude of the offence committed by the individual under consideration. Firstly is the prison system, implicated throughout the world in some shape or form. A very old scheme indeed and the confining of a harmful being has proved effective from the beginning of time. In spite of this, the present system is subject to disparagement and criticism. A recent and growing controversy amongst the government, criminals, victims and indeed the members of the public. To begin with, it is indisputable that some form of detainment is very necessary in many cases and has been appreciated for many years. Prisons in general are a necessity. Perhaps most obviously is the detaining of a criminal, literally to protect society from the potential hazard they pose. In many cases due to the aggressive nature of the offender they cannot any longer be exposed to the general public at all. So much so if the individual is extremely psychotic, mental care is provided in psychological accommodation. ...read more.

Middle

Dates as far back as the 1500's are possibly best known for the dogmatic attitude of the officials and the common practice of the death penalty. These executions were done by means of burning at the stake, hanging, decapitation, stoning and even drowning. Possibly most recent to date in the UK was the execution of John Silk in 1905 for the murder of his mother. However, now in the UK the death penalty has been abolished. Nevertheless it has remained a tradition and rule that the crime of high treason will be punishable by means of hanging. Having said this, this has not been practiced since the eradication of the death penalty. A perfect and renowned example of high treason in England was Guy Fawkes and the gunpowder plot in 1605. The death penalty is still practiced in half of the countries in the world and 38 states in America today such as Texas. In 1972, the United States Supreme Court ruled that capital punishment as it was then being administered then, was being applied in an arbitrary and erratic manner, which represented cruel punishment. They believed that the death penalty rulings were too vague which meant the juries had little guidance and over-supplementary scope. For this reason many states do not impose the death penalty and others use is very infrequently. Texas, as mentioned would possibly make use of the death penalty most. ...read more.

Conclusion

Quite the contrary in fact. Researchers suggest that more often than not it is more costly to sentence an inmate to death than it is to imprison them for life. A study in New York concluded that the average capital murder trial costs taxpayers 1.8 million dollars. According to this it would cost more to imprison someone for one hundred years. It is also believed, contrary to popular belief, that it can cost up to 2.2 million dollars to obtain and perform a death sentence. I feel that it is apparent, on reflection, that the disadvantages of the death penalty outweigh the advantages by a substantial degree. For that reason I suggest the elimination of the death penalty. I feel that civilization has brought round many humane and revolutionary methods for dealing with crime and that the death penalty is not necessary in any case. An alternative may be more difficult but definitely more productive and would be a wise step made for society and consequently mankind. Prisons, I feel are generally a requirement. However the conditions in prisons should not be as luxurious as they are today. Instead murderers should be given a sentence in minimalist conditions. Also, I feel there should be more schemes implicated to aid the reformation and incapacitation. Those who have a mental condition should be acknowledged and helped. Society today needs to make a humanitarian advance in terms of dealing with today's criminals. On that note a prudent and indeed very practical idea would be to attempt to monitor and council today's young potential criminals. ...read more.

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