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Capital punishment and religion.

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Introduction

Punishment like almost everything else has a purpose. Punishment has six purposes and most sentences that are handed out to offenders are a mixture of several of these. Deterrence is an aim of punishment. With deterrence it is hoped that the punishment will dishearten the person from repeating the crime. It is even hoped that the fear of a punishment will stop other people from perpetrating crimes. Reform is an aim of punishment. With reform punishment should not only stop people from continuing to commit crimes, but should help them to turn into responsible members of society. Protection is an aim of punishment. Punishment by locking someone up is a way of protecting society from the anti-social behaviour of some people. Particular types of punishment also attempt to protect the offender as well as society. Reparation is an aim of punishment. If someone disobeys the law they must be prepared to make amends, in other words, compensate the victim or the society in some way. Retribution is an aim of punishment. Retribution is based on the idea of an eye for an eye. If an individual has done something wrong they should be given a punishment that is suitable for the crime they committed. Vindication is an aim of punishment. Vindication suggests that for people to live together the law must be respected and viewed as being fair. ...read more.

Middle

It is further said to be immaterial, passing all thought, and immutable. Knowing the self (atma) of man be so much, you must not grieve (for the destruction of his body). (20:43,50-23) In India the death penalty for the offences of murder and treason, many Hindus see this as justice taking place. Many Hindus' believe that punishment is necessary for the offender's karma. Capital punishment in Hinduism is applied when the offender threatens the social order or he/she is beyond reform. The principles of retribution, restraint and reformation are applied. Many teachings in the New Testament clearly condemn capital punishment. The most common reason for punishment was retribution, and Jesus taught them that this was the last thing that they should seek. A Roman Catholic viewpoint says that it is fine to punish malefactors by means of penalties commensurate with the gravity of the crime, not excluding, in cases of extreme gravity, the death penalty. An Anglican viewpoint says that capital punishment is not acceptable. 'The taking of life as a penalty devalues human life'. In Christianity the death penalty is seen in two different ways. Some Christians see capital punishment as a retribution for the harm the offenders have done, according to the teachings of the Old Testament. Other Christians adopt the opposite view, taught by the New Testament, which promotes the forgiveness of the offender in order to give him a chance to repent (principal of reform). ...read more.

Conclusion

For example, in the name of a dying patient, Dr. Shipman obtained enough of the painkiller diamorphine to kill 360 people. Is Shipman a one-off monster as some have suggested? There is growing evidence that he is not as rare as one hopes him to be. Disguised in the aura of respectability that normally surrounds medical professionals, a number of monsters like Shipman have gradually been masked, but only after numerous deaths have taken place. These "angels of death" are doctors, but nurses, therapists, hospital workers and proprietors of care facilities for the sick and the elderly. Dr. Michael Swango killed his patients because it gave him a thrill and a feeling of power; Beverley Allitt and Genene Jones, paediatric nurses, killed their young patients to get more attention for themselves; Dr. Marcel Petiot and Dr. H.H. Holmes killed for money; Dr. Josef Mengele killed for political beliefs, and so on. The medical profession clearly needs more oversight if the world is to rid itself of this problem. In my opinion what Harold Shipman has done cannot be done by a normal sane person, as it is purely too evil. If Harold Shipman is sane he is a very evil and twisted man. I think that he should not receive capital punishment as if he does he will be free of the wrong he committed and he should really die a painful and slow death rotting in jail. This is purely just my opinion. ...read more.

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