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child development

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Introduction

Factors that have brought changes to family life are: 1. Laws have been introduced which gives women much more independent votes, property rights, equal opportunities. 2. Education and career choices are similar for boys and girls. 3. Women can choose whether they marry because they don't have to rely on a husband for financial support. 4. Labour saving devices in the home made domestic work less exhausting and have given women more free time for outings with children and the family, a job outside the home, hobbies and more of a social life instead of shopping for fresh food everyday because they didn't have a freezer in them days and hand washing their clothes whereas now you can put them in the washing machine. 5. Some state benefits have eased financial problems to some extent. 6. Reliable methods of contraception allow couples to choose not to become parents, or to have fewer children. 7. There are more single parent families and step families. 8. Divorce is easier, and has become ore socially acceptable. 1. Physical development- of the body 2. Speech- learning to talk 3. Social- learning to interact with people 4. Emotional- learning to control feelings 5. Intellectual- development of the mind 6. Cultural- acquiring knowledge of the society in which the child is growing up Development is encouraged when the home provides: 1. ...read more.

Middle

Grasp reflex When an object is put in the baby's hand it is automatically grasped. Walking reflex When held upright with the feet touching a firm surface the baby will make walking movements. Startle reflex When the baby is startled by a sudden loud noise or bright light, the hands are clenched, the elbows are bent to bring the forearms in and he/she may cry. Falling reflex Any sudden movement, which affects the neck, gives the baby a feeling that they may be dropped. It makes the baby fling back their arms together as if to catch hold of something. Sight Newborn babies can see. Their eyes focus at a distance about 20cm, so they are short sighted. They see most things clearly those things that are near to them. They also see brightness. As they look towards a brightly lit window they shut their eyes, they also shut their eyes when a bright light is suddenly turned on. Average newborn baby * The umbilical cord is clamped with a plastic clamp, in a few days it drops off, leaving the belly button. * The baby has a soft spot on its head called fontanel; this is where the bones that make up the skull don't quite join together. It takes 12-18 months for them to join up. * Some babies have loads of hair on their heads others have hardly any. ...read more.

Conclusion

4) NASO - GASTRIC TUBES * Premature babies who can't suck or swallow need food to be given direct to the stomach. * A tube goes up the nose and down the throat into the stomach. Mums can provide breast milk to be given to the baby through the tube. 5) LIGHT THERAPY - TREATS JAUNDICE * Lots of premature babies have jaundice a yellowing of the skin caused by the breakdown of red blood cells. * Light therapy units above the incubator help clean up jaundice. The baby's eyes need protecting from the ultra violet light, though. 1. Woman's weight and blood pressure 2. Urine sample 3. Uterus - to see if its back to normal size 4. Stitches - in perineum after tearing or an episiotomies should have healed 5. Bleeding could have stopped after 6 weeks 6. Constipation and haemorrhoids should have gone 7. Pelvic floor and abdominal muscles should be getting stronger 8. Emotional state checked (in-case of postnatal depression) Every baby has certain needs some of these are essential for the baby to survive and to grow and develop physically. Others provide favourable conditions in which the child can thrive emotional socially and intellectually. The Needs Of A Baby * Warmth * Food * Shelter * Clothing * Protection from illness and injury * Fresh air and sunlight * Activity and rest * Love and comfort * Continuity of care * Security to make the body feel safe * Training in habits and skills * Stimulation from play to help in learning * Praise and opportunities to develop self-confidence ...read more.

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