• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Childbearing Among Teenagers

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Childbearing Among Teenagers During the past 40 years teenagers have been identified with having many social problems such as drug abuse, suicide, criminal behavior and childbearing. Even though these concerns have not shown a significant threat to the welfare of future generations, there has been considerable effort, especially in industrialized countries, to control and prevent these issues. Teenage pregnancy, in particular, has made an impressive improvement over recent years.1 Compared to the last three decades, 33% less teenagers in Canada were pregnant in 2001 according to Statistics Canada (Medical News Today, 2004). When analyzing teenage pregnancy rates in industrialized countries, Canada and Great Britain's rates were modest when compared to the low rates in Sweden and France and the highest rate in the United States (The Alan Guttmacher Institute, 2001). Parents, teachers, community leaders and service providers have increased the motivation of youth to achieve higher levels of education, enforced sexual education in schools to promote effective contraceptive use and greater social support for services related to both pregnancy and disease prevention among adolescents. There is an increasing indication that the developed world is beginning to realize that the most influential pregnancy prevention strategy is to ensure that adolescents have opportunities, which allow them to make the decisions that will safeguard their own futures. They are at a vulnerable crossroad in their lives and are in need of guidance and support (Tunick, 1996). ...read more.

Middle

Economic and social disadvantage is among the causes, as well as consequences of teenage childbearing. Economically, young mothers' lives are drastically affected. Many drop out of school and therefore have a harder time trying to find a job that generates enough cash flow to support herself and her baby. In Canada, the recessions in the 1980s and 1990s caused the standard of living to rise, requiring more than a single mother's income. Since teenagers who gave birth were likely to be single it posed a problem in producing enough income to sustain the family unit (Dryburgh, 2003). There is a cause and effect relationship and educational failure, poverty, unemployment and low self-esteem are understood to be negative outcomes of early childbearing. These circumstances also contribute to the likelihood of teen pregnancy. For example, the teenager may not have received the proper schooling or they may have grown up in an unsupportive household which may lead them to engage in early sexual activity in which a child is born and put through the same cycle. Teenagers are very vulnerable and must be guided in the right direction by their guardians as they are at a point in their lives when they are faced with many decisions which can be overwhelming (Tunick, 1996). The Alan Guttmacher Institute states that "while sexual activity among teenagers of all income levels is now common, having a baby is not. ...read more.

Conclusion

Educators, parents, and policy-makers should avoid emotional misconceptions about sexual education; based on the rates of unwanted pregnancies and STDs among teenagers, it is unwise to ignore the need for both education on how to postpone sexual involvement, and how to protect oneself when sexually active (DeCarlo, 1996). To effectively reduce rates of unintended pregnancy and births among teens, the government should invest in a teen pregnancy prevention plan. Moreover, these prevention funds should be invested in proven, scientifically evaluated programs which are effective in helping teens to delay the initiation of sexual intercourse and to practice safer sexual behaviors when they become sexually active. The declining rates of teenage pregnancy rates in Canada and industrialized countries illustrate that they are moving forward and learning from their history. As technology has developed and much more attention has been given to issues affecting adolescents, we are attaining encouraging outcomes. The level of education, in particular sexual education that recent generations are receiving is much higher now than in the past. There is a growing acceptance in society that there is a need to improve health funding and knowledge to tackle dilemmas like teenage pregnancy. The need to continue these efforts is prevalent. Even though teenage pregnancy rates have decreased, teenage abortion and STD rates have risen. Adolescents are too fervently resorting to abortion given that a substantial proportion of pregnancies and births to young women are unwanted. Canada and the studied, developed countries have come a far way, yet they still have a far way ahead of them. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Abortion and other medical issues section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Abortion and other medical issues essays

  1. Abortion is when a mother decides that she can't go ahead with her pregnancy ...

    is fully grown inside of a mother's womb is clearly a human being as it has all of the features of a human, so in fact we are killing a human. These Christian teachings may make a person stronger in their beliefs and so they will try and get their

  2. Too posh to push - Are high profile stars encouraging a worrying trend towards ...

    somewhere between 1300 and 1600 years ago, and in Venice, the law required that any woman who died in advanced pregnancy should have the child removed. The first record of the operation being performed and carried out successfully on a living woman who survived was in about 1500.

  1. Creative Work Based on 'The Necklace'

    "What did you do that for?" I asked. "Oh, I had to see if it was sensitive to touch to see if it was healthy or not" he told. "You've gave birth to a happy, healthy baby boy," Dr. Prachid exclaimed handing the baby to Jean. I couldn't believe it.

  2. Theme: Abortion is the practice of killing the weakest and most defenseless among ...

    They fail to see that if a choice needs to be made, it should be made before the conception of a child. After conception, is far too late. A child who is an individual has been created. People have seen sonograms of smiling fetuses, they've seen the mangled remains of

  1. Abortion is the termination of a pregnancy before it reaches 'full - term.'

    Christians say human life is different from other kinds of life, it is precious. Christians usually understand that the bible teaches that people are in some way reflections of God. Christians also believe that each person has a 'soul', which does not die; it is the part of a person judged by God, and sent to heaven or hell.

  2. Beloved - Summary of major characters

    Walking back home, Sethe realizes something that Denver secretly knows: that those hands were not Baby Suggs's, but the ghost's. However, this thought does not bother her; she has decided to start a life with Paul D, opening back up the past they share.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work