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Christian festivals

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AO1 For a Christian, a festival is a time for celebration marked by special event or occasion. In Christianity there is a calendar which is made up by seasons, in which Christian festivals take place. In each season there are a number of cycles. There are two main cycles in the Christian calendar. One of them is the Christmas-cycle. The other cycle is the Easter-cycle which is made up of Lent, Holy Week, Easter and Pentecost. In the Catholic Church the Easter cycle usually falls between March 22 and April 25. In the Easter cycle we have Lent and Holy Week. Tridium is a big celebration in Holy week which starts with Maundy Thursday and ends with Easter Sunday. Lent Lent is the period of 40 days between Ash Wednesday and Easter. Lent involves fasting and penitence, both in preparation for Easter and as a way of spiritually "joining" Jesus with the fasting and meditation he did for 40 days in the wilderness. ...read more.


It was a custom in Jesus' day for the servants to wash the feet of guests. Through this Jesus wanted his disciples to love one another as he has loved them. The Passover meal celebrated the covenant given by God, which was the "10 commandments". During the Passover meal, Jesus gave a new covenant, which is celebrated by Mass. The Last Supper took place on Thursday before Jesus was arrested. The altar in The Roman Catholic church is undressed to indicate the unpleasant situations and harshness of all that happened to Jesus that night. Maundy Thursday is known as Great Thursday in the Orthodox Church. The services in the Orthodox Church are very similar to the ones in the Roman Catholic Church. Good Friday Good Friday is the Friday before Easter and the date during The Tridium when Christians do penance and commemorate the suffering and crucifixion of Jesus. ...read more.


In Eastern Orthodox churches, Good Friday is more commonly known as Great Friday and it actually begins the prior evening with readings from various passion stories in the New Testament. There is no Eucharist service celebrated, but there is a re-enactment of the burial of Jesus. Both Roman Catholic and Orthodox churches fast on Good Friday. Easter Sunday For Christians, Easter can occur on any date between March 23rd and April 26th. The actual date is set as the first Sunday after the first full moon that occurs after March 21, one of the first days of spring. Christians celebrate the end of death and the rebirth of life; but instead of focusing upon nature, Christians believe that Easter marks the day that Jesus Christ was resurrected after spending three days dead in his tomb. Easter retains great importance for Eastern Orthodox and Protestant churches as well. For Eastern Orthodox Christians, there is an important procession which symbolizes the failed search for the body of Jesus, followed a return to the church where lit candles symbolize Jesus' resurrection. ...read more.

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