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Christianity - denominations

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Introduction

Christianity It is estimated that there are over 20,000 distinct denominations in the modern Christian world. Roman Catholic Church All Christians who acknowledge and accept the authority of the Pope. There are Catholic groups which are non- Roman. The Pope is the head and under are cardinals, archbishops, priests. There are no separate branches but the church does have 'orders' of monks and nuns. Catholics emphasize the authority of the Pope, to be one true church. Also the seven sacraments of which the Mass is the central point. The Roman Catholic Church believes itself historically and in its teachings, to be in continuity with the first disciples. The church holds that's God's teachings have been safeguarded and made authentic by the authority of the Church. This authority is exercised especially by the bishops of the local churches, who are still in harmony with the Bishop of Rome. Roman Catholics believe that the Pope is the successor of Peter, the disciple. The Pope has special authority and many Roman Catholics believe that he is infallible when he speaks to, and in the name of, the Church, on questions of faith and morals. Catholics believe that they can ask the saints in heaven to pray for them. ...read more.

Middle

The Roman Catholics and Orthodox Church apply to all the seven sacraments. * Baptism - This is a ceremony in which a person is cleansed of their sins, to begin a new life with God. * Anointing of the sick - The priest anoints the person with the oil - a sign of healing. * Ordination - the setting apart of bishops, priests and deacons by the laying on the hands * Marriage -the sanctification of the union between man and woman * Confession - People confess their sins to a priest, express their sincere sorrow for having sinned and promise not to try and sin in the future. The priest then forgives in God's name. * The Eucharist /Holy Communion - This central act of worship re-enacts the death and resurrection of Jesus in ritual form. Remembering Jesus' actions at words at the Last Supper. * Confirmation - This is when a baptized person becomes fully accepted into a church. The vows made at his or her baptism are 'confirmed'. On each of these occasions they believe that God is present and gives his grace and blessing upon them. Many Orthodox Christians use the beautiful 'Jesus Prayer' as a means of focusing their whole being on God. ...read more.

Conclusion

There is no set form of worship the leader of a meeting has almost complete freedom to plan it as he or she wishes. The Society of friends (Quakers') 'Quaker' was the nickname given to the founder of the Society of Friends, George Fox. By a judge whom he told to 'quake and fear at the word of God. Quakers' worship is extremely simple and they reject all ceremony. They base their religion on the belief that God speaks directly to the heart of everyone. They have no creed, sacraments, ordained ministry, ordered services or sacred buildings. In their services silence is important, with people speaking if they feel moved to do so. The Evangelicals Evangelical Christians are among the fastest growing groups in Christianity today. The word 'evangelical' is defined as 'certain Christian churches which believe in the importance of religious teaching, of faith and studying the Bible, rather than in ceremonies' and churches or individuals who represent the 2good news with a view to the conversion of hearers to their faith. Evangelical Christians stress: * The Bible as the inspired word of God * The need for a personal relationship with Jesus Christ through 'conversion' and a new birth' * Their commitment to convert others. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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