• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Cities and Myths of Ancient West Asia

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Nandita Natasha Naidu Mr. Crandall-Bear History-2 Section 6310 11th February 2005 Cities and Myths of Ancient West Asia Unit 1 The Mesopotamia cities of Uruk and Ur are cities of sacred and monumental images. These cities of Mesopotamia have unique characteristics, which go into the design of these two cities. Monumental organization and planning was carried out only in the centers and complexes of Mesopotamian cities. These centers were laid out using axial planning (rectangular arrangements). These huge centers contrast strikingly with the most important parts of the cities, which were not planned at all. Housing areas grew from the inside out, which made the house based on rooms around a central courtyard. Uruk culture (3200 to 2350 B.C.E) had two very important scores: religion and science, which is confirmed by the thousands of clay tablets, dug in it, which goes back to the beginning of the writing. It was also the center of the worship of the goddess Inanna (goddess of love and war). The Eanna precinct was dedicated to Inanna. ...read more.

Middle

According to the myth, the gods responded to prayers and sent a wild brutish man, Enkidu, to challenge Gilgamesh to a wrestling match. When the contest ends, neither is victorious and the two become friends. They journey together and share many adventures. On an expedition to the west, they confront an evil monster, Humbaba. Enkidu slays Humbaba and in return, the gods take Enkidu's life. Gilgamesh the mighty hero is then transformed into Gilgamesh the broken mortal. The pursuit of immortality leads Gilgamesh into further adventures. The most famous is his encounter with Utnapishtim, and ancient hero who had survived a tragic flood. His tale, recounted in the epic, bears many resemblances to the biblical story of the flood. Gilgamesh, following Utnapishim's advice, finds a plant capable of rendering him immortal, only to have it stolen by a snake while he sleeps, exhausted from his quest. On this note, the epic ends. Gilgamesh's search for immortality ends in vain, however his accounts were written on the walls of his great city. ...read more.

Conclusion

and various other cult buildings surrounding royal palaces that housed the royal family and other nobles. The most important structure to the city of Uruk had to be the temple build for Inanna. A whole precinct dedicated t her, to show every0ne the importance and holy temple. The ziqqurat build for Inanna shows also the worshipping and dedication to Inanna. Another temple built in ruins is the one devoted to Anu, god of the sky. Temples built to honor such Gods shows importance and hierarchy towards the gods. The most important city in Ur was the holy pyramid (Ziqqurat), which contained all the major temples together with the magnificent 3- ; eve; Ziqqurat built by Ur-Nammu, founder of the third Dynasty of Ur. Another prominent building was the palace of the king Shulgi, son of Ur-Nammu, located in the southern corner of the sacred area. Mesopotamian cities, known as temple communities, performed both political and religious roles, acting as mediators between the people and the gods. The tale of West Asia is interesting because it addresses many of humanity's eternal questions, including the meaning of friendship and the desire to be immortal. It also reflects ancient history, religion, and culture. ?? ?? ?? ?? Naidu 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Hinduism section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Hinduism essays

  1. Shinto - An Ancient Religion

    Most of these spaces are shrines. These shrines are devoted to all the kami, and in some instances, specific shrines are devoted to a single important kami.

  2. To what extent were propaganda and national pride as important as religion in the ...

    It is also possible to support this theory because the statues would have been painted, which would have created a larger contrast to the eye and caught attention much more easily. The ninety-two metopes had different themes on each side.

  1. Ancient Egyptian Religion.

    The Pharaoh was also believed to have been guided by the spirits of all his predecessors who dwelt with Osiris in the afterlife. The power of the pharaoh was portrayed to the Egyptians by ritual vestments he wore. The symbols of the gods were his tools of office, showing the people that his authority granted by the gods.

  2. Hinduism and Islam on human relationships.

    Hindus are also against abortion because of Ahimsa. It is seen as murder of the baby foetus and results in bad karma. However, abortion may be allowed if the birth of the child is going to cause more trouble than the abortion.

  1. Describe a visit to a Hindu place of pilgrimage, explaining its importance to believers.

    These are put with their shrine at home. TO DEPOSIT THE ASHES AND CARRY OUT THE CEREMONIES FOR THE DEAD After death, Hindus burn the body rather than bury it. The body is located on a raised platform and covered with sandalwood.

  2. RE Coursework Section B - Hinduism

    It helps them to temporarily forget problems of the outside world. Social Importance. Congregational worship is very important to Hinduism as it reinforces religious and cultural beliefs. This is important as many people loose sight of their culture, especially when they are not visiting the Mandir.

  1. Select and Describe and Explain the importance of Hindu Worship in the Temple

    Once this is done the murti is dried and dressed in fresh clothes which are made to the size of the murti. Then a sacred thread is placed around its neck. Then Kum-kum, turmeric and the sandalwood paste is placed on the murti.

  2. Creative writing- emotions and feelings- new experiences

    This time we came at night for the show. Our ship travelled back down the Nile to Luxor. In the evening we all left for the finale of one of the best and amazing experiences I had seen I my life. I didn't really know what I was expecting.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work