• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Cities and Myths of Ancient West Asia

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Nandita Natasha Naidu Mr. Crandall-Bear History-2 Section 6310 11th February 2005 Cities and Myths of Ancient West Asia Unit 1 The Mesopotamia cities of Uruk and Ur are cities of sacred and monumental images. These cities of Mesopotamia have unique characteristics, which go into the design of these two cities. Monumental organization and planning was carried out only in the centers and complexes of Mesopotamian cities. These centers were laid out using axial planning (rectangular arrangements). These huge centers contrast strikingly with the most important parts of the cities, which were not planned at all. Housing areas grew from the inside out, which made the house based on rooms around a central courtyard. Uruk culture (3200 to 2350 B.C.E) had two very important scores: religion and science, which is confirmed by the thousands of clay tablets, dug in it, which goes back to the beginning of the writing. It was also the center of the worship of the goddess Inanna (goddess of love and war). The Eanna precinct was dedicated to Inanna. ...read more.

Middle

According to the myth, the gods responded to prayers and sent a wild brutish man, Enkidu, to challenge Gilgamesh to a wrestling match. When the contest ends, neither is victorious and the two become friends. They journey together and share many adventures. On an expedition to the west, they confront an evil monster, Humbaba. Enkidu slays Humbaba and in return, the gods take Enkidu's life. Gilgamesh the mighty hero is then transformed into Gilgamesh the broken mortal. The pursuit of immortality leads Gilgamesh into further adventures. The most famous is his encounter with Utnapishtim, and ancient hero who had survived a tragic flood. His tale, recounted in the epic, bears many resemblances to the biblical story of the flood. Gilgamesh, following Utnapishim's advice, finds a plant capable of rendering him immortal, only to have it stolen by a snake while he sleeps, exhausted from his quest. On this note, the epic ends. Gilgamesh's search for immortality ends in vain, however his accounts were written on the walls of his great city. ...read more.

Conclusion

and various other cult buildings surrounding royal palaces that housed the royal family and other nobles. The most important structure to the city of Uruk had to be the temple build for Inanna. A whole precinct dedicated t her, to show every0ne the importance and holy temple. The ziqqurat build for Inanna shows also the worshipping and dedication to Inanna. Another temple built in ruins is the one devoted to Anu, god of the sky. Temples built to honor such Gods shows importance and hierarchy towards the gods. The most important city in Ur was the holy pyramid (Ziqqurat), which contained all the major temples together with the magnificent 3- ; eve; Ziqqurat built by Ur-Nammu, founder of the third Dynasty of Ur. Another prominent building was the palace of the king Shulgi, son of Ur-Nammu, located in the southern corner of the sacred area. Mesopotamian cities, known as temple communities, performed both political and religious roles, acting as mediators between the people and the gods. The tale of West Asia is interesting because it addresses many of humanity's eternal questions, including the meaning of friendship and the desire to be immortal. It also reflects ancient history, religion, and culture. ?? ?? ?? ?? Naidu 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Hinduism section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Hinduism essays

  1. Ancient Egyptian Religion.

    The Pharaoh was also believed to have been guided by the spirits of all his predecessors who dwelt with Osiris in the afterlife. The power of the pharaoh was portrayed to the Egyptians by ritual vestments he wore. The symbols of the gods were his tools of office, showing the people that his authority granted by the gods.

  2. Why is the Temple of Apollo Epikourios at Bassae an interesting building?

    The Corinthian columns are inside the temple. This is probably to blame the women for the outbreak of the plague. The exterior of the temple is Doric and measured 48' X 126' - 6 X 15 columns, instead of the usual 6 X 13.

  1. To what extent were propaganda and national pride as important as religion in the ...

    It is also possible to support this theory because the statues would have been painted, which would have created a larger contrast to the eye and caught attention much more easily. The ninety-two metopes had different themes on each side.

  2. RE Coursework Section B - Hinduism

    Educational Importance The Mandir is also a place of educational importance. It is important for younger generations to learn about Brahman and Hinduism. Youngsters can be taught by a priest and by elders about God and Hinduism. This is vital as it keeps the religion going.

  1. Do the temples you have studied. Bear out Tomlinson's view that there was a ...

    There as less expectation those Ionic buildings conformed to a rigidly symmetrical model. The peculiar plan of the building can be explained with the technicality of the optical refinements, and also the asymmetrical nature of the Erechtheum. The site of the building is narrow, constricted and uneven.

  2. Attacks on religious minotirties in Bangaladesh

    In the October 2001 elections, seven minority candidates got elected. Five of them are from the Hindu community, three from the AL and two from the BNP. Two Hill people, one from the Chakma and the other from the Marma community were elected from the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHT).

  1. Hinduism and Islam on human relationships.

    The bride's parents give him gifts and money the next morning and the father of the bride asks the groom to take good care of his daughter. Then the bride departs to live with the groom. The final part of the ceremony is on the fourth day after the wedding,

  2. Describe a visit to a Hindu place of pilgrimage, explaining its importance to believers.

    smoke on the Manikarnika Ghat. On the Manikarnika Ghat I saw a dead body covered with sandalwood. The pyre was built up next to the body next to the pyre scandal wood joss sticks was placed. As a man had a pot with water in it in his right side

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work