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Compare Utilitarianism with the religion that you have studiedUtilitarianism VS Christianity

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Introduction

Compare Utilitarianism with the religion that you have studied Utilitarianism VS Christianity BASIC MAXIM - "THE GREATEST HAPPINESS FOR THE GREATEST NUMBER" JEREMY BENTHAM - Act Utilitarianism (each action should be judged on its ability to bring about the greatest happiness for the greatest number) - Devised principle of utility - Established a hedonic calculus to measure pleasure/pain brought about by each action. JOHN STUART MILL - Rule Utilitarianism (rules should be formulated first, based on utilitarian principles. The individual can then judge whether specific acts are acceptable) - Worked for Bentham for many years - Mill distinguished between higher and lower pleasures and reformulated the utilitarian theory taking this and human nature into account - Mill recognised value of rules and his revision allows for the formulation of them based on utilitarian principles. PETER SINGER - Suggests that pleasure should not be the principal consideration in a utilitarian ethical decision - He proposes a utilitarian system with the 'best interests' of the individuals concerned at the heart of ethical decision making ...read more.

Middle

- For example, in Deuteronomy 28:1-68 God issues to the Israelites, via Moses, commandments which had positive consequences if they were obeyed (pleasure) and negative consequences if people disobeyed (pain). - The Bible is very clear that pursuit of pleasure for its own sake can lead one into sin. - One of the best examples of the principle of utility in the Bible is Jesus willingly giving up his life and going to death on the cross where he would endure extreme torture and suffering. So despite his immediate suffering, obedience to God and the positive benefits that his death would bring to the world were considered far greater by him than disobedience (or, obedience would bring both himself and the world greater happiness than disobedience). - The Bible seems to be saying that obedience to God is the means by which people attain a real sense of satisfaction (or pleasure) in their life. ...read more.

Conclusion

God sent Jesus to die for the sins of the world so that human beings would have the opportunity to join him in eternal life (in order to avoid the pain of no human being able to have eternal life). - The implications of the belief that Utilitarianism underwrites the biblical view of God and morality are quite important for any discussion relating to the divine command theory of ethics. One of the main concerns about the belief that God alone is the source of morality is whether we can know that what God commands is good. This debate was classically expressed in the Euthyphro Dilemma. However, if what God commands is based on what leads to the greatest happiness for God, then as we have seen, such happiness is also grounded in making us happy. In other words, as far as the Bible is concerned, God's commands are not arbitrary but are intended to bring about a better world ...read more.

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