• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Concept of God - Analysis of God as a creator and sustainer.

Extracts from this document...


Concept of God: Analysis Of God As A Creator and Sustainer It is generally accepted in western philosophy that if God is a creator then he must also by definition, due in part to his other attributes, be a sustainer. This essay assumes that a God does exist because otherwise, rather than analysing the attributes in question, one regresses into providing evidence for God's existence which is the purpose of arguments such as the ontological argument. Using evidence and reason, this essay will see whether creatorship and sustainership can be assigned to God and if they are necessary for His existence. The main literary source of this evidence is from Hugh J McCann in his essay on "Creation and Conservation" as noted in the bibliography. This essay argues that the world's authorship should be assigned to God given his omnipotence, and will show that it is logical and necessary for him to sustain it having created it. Firstly, it must be noted that in certain scenarios this essay will assume that one of the other Judaeo-Christian attributes of God is a fact, because there is not time to prove their necessity here. However, if the proof is a crux of my argument, it will be dealt with. Creatorship is an absolutely essential attribute of God in any religion but especially the Judaeo-Christian perspective. ...read more.


For example, could God be personal and perfectly good is he was not omnipotent? The answer is simple, without an omnipotent God he cannot fulfil his other supposed attributes. Furthermore, as outlined in Vardy's 'Puzzle of God' (147-153), when omnipotence is put in the context of creatorship, illogical omnipotence is necessary for God to be coherent. This is so because otherwise how could he create ex nihilo (which would mean he is outside the universe) and be personal (which would mean that he must be within the universe)? Thus having shown why God must be a creator, is it necessary for his to preserve the world he created? This is very contentious but when analysed with closer scrutiny it becomes obvious that it must be the case. The first issue at hand is the scientific laws of conservation and preservation. Even if God did create, then the laws of conservation dictate that the matter (or energy) of which things are composed cannot be destroyed (or indeed created). As McCann so clearly points out (310), the laws of conservation are concerned with "all physical interactions", this means that when two entities interact, like in a chemical reaction, the amount of matter before will equal the amount of matter after the interaction. Thus, the law in itself does not explain the continued existence of things; it merely shows that in physical interactions, matter undergoes transformations not obliteration. ...read more.


Consequently, if a transcendent idea of God is applicable then God is immutable and so if his original nature were to want to create, then he would not be able to do anything but keep creating and sustain everything. Thus God must sustain if he did indeed create the universe. However, the objection to this is that God must be immanent if he is to interact in the world, which so clearly seems the case if God is benevolent and personal. However, counter-exemplification of this is that God is omnipotent to the degree whereby he can do the logically impossible and thus can rise above the distinction between being in and out of the universe. Hence God can be both transcendent and immanent due to his omnipotence and thus is able to create ex nihilo and interact with the world he has created. Thus in conclusion, if God exists then he must be the creator of the universe because if he didn't it would undermine his omnipotence which as explained is infinite. This creation was ex nihilo and was a free choice on God's behalf. If God did create the universe, it seems inevitable that he sustains because of his immutable nature. Furthermore, because the only coherent concept of God depends on the fact that God is illogically omnipotent, it follows that he is able to be both transcendent and immanent at the same time. Thus God is able to create ex nihilo and sustain the universe and still be coherent. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Existence of God section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Existence of God essays

  1. Attributes of God essay.

    is unconditional no matter what someone has done. He is said to be transcendent and unique. By unique this means that He cannot be compared to anybody else. In the Bible it says that we are made in the image of God so therefore does that not mean in appearance

  2. What does it mean to say that God is 'necessary?'

    This is because God is omnipotent and his existence doesn't rely upon anything else, he is unque unlike anty contingenmt items eg a perfect island. With everything else in the world-apart from God-their existence is reliant upon something else. However, God's existence is part of his essence.

  1. "If God made the world, then he must be absent without leave!" Write an ...

    Hence, it is unreasonable to assume that the world was brought into existence through chance, that there is no God, and no purpose to life, because just like a watch, we do have a purpose, just not the same kind of purpose.

  2. Hide and Seek - poetry analysis

    Then doubt creeps in and realisation occurs, e.g. 'And there they are: whispering at the door; You've never heard them so hushed before.'

  1. Explain the Ontological argument.

    He continued to argue that it is possible to envision a chaotic universe in which no rules applied, however the universe was designed in such a way that the evolutionary process could exist and create human life. Human life is the culmination of God's plan, at least at the present time.

  2. Does God Exist?

    Then he says it is better to exist in reality than in the mind alone. Therefore God exists. He also says that even the atheist must have a definition of God, if only to dismiss His existence. What does it mean to say that God is 'necessary?'

  1. The God Question

    The simple solution to this problem is that no being can exist without all of these qualities, however this can be countered, perhaps we are experiencing the best quality of life we can but because we have never experienced true suffering we cannot compare our current situation.

  2. Corporate religious experiences such as the Toronto blessing tell us nothing about god. Discuss

    All individual or corporate religious experiences have one common characteristic and that is God, weather it is communicating with God, seeing God, feeling Gods presence, feeling healing joy or peace by God.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work