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Concept of God - Analysis of God as a creator and sustainer.

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Introduction

Concept of God: Analysis Of God As A Creator and Sustainer It is generally accepted in western philosophy that if God is a creator then he must also by definition, due in part to his other attributes, be a sustainer. This essay assumes that a God does exist because otherwise, rather than analysing the attributes in question, one regresses into providing evidence for God's existence which is the purpose of arguments such as the ontological argument. Using evidence and reason, this essay will see whether creatorship and sustainership can be assigned to God and if they are necessary for His existence. The main literary source of this evidence is from Hugh J McCann in his essay on "Creation and Conservation" as noted in the bibliography. This essay argues that the world's authorship should be assigned to God given his omnipotence, and will show that it is logical and necessary for him to sustain it having created it. Firstly, it must be noted that in certain scenarios this essay will assume that one of the other Judaeo-Christian attributes of God is a fact, because there is not time to prove their necessity here. However, if the proof is a crux of my argument, it will be dealt with. Creatorship is an absolutely essential attribute of God in any religion but especially the Judaeo-Christian perspective. ...read more.

Middle

For example, could God be personal and perfectly good is he was not omnipotent? The answer is simple, without an omnipotent God he cannot fulfil his other supposed attributes. Furthermore, as outlined in Vardy's 'Puzzle of God' (147-153), when omnipotence is put in the context of creatorship, illogical omnipotence is necessary for God to be coherent. This is so because otherwise how could he create ex nihilo (which would mean he is outside the universe) and be personal (which would mean that he must be within the universe)? Thus having shown why God must be a creator, is it necessary for his to preserve the world he created? This is very contentious but when analysed with closer scrutiny it becomes obvious that it must be the case. The first issue at hand is the scientific laws of conservation and preservation. Even if God did create, then the laws of conservation dictate that the matter (or energy) of which things are composed cannot be destroyed (or indeed created). As McCann so clearly points out (310), the laws of conservation are concerned with "all physical interactions", this means that when two entities interact, like in a chemical reaction, the amount of matter before will equal the amount of matter after the interaction. Thus, the law in itself does not explain the continued existence of things; it merely shows that in physical interactions, matter undergoes transformations not obliteration. ...read more.

Conclusion

Consequently, if a transcendent idea of God is applicable then God is immutable and so if his original nature were to want to create, then he would not be able to do anything but keep creating and sustain everything. Thus God must sustain if he did indeed create the universe. However, the objection to this is that God must be immanent if he is to interact in the world, which so clearly seems the case if God is benevolent and personal. However, counter-exemplification of this is that God is omnipotent to the degree whereby he can do the logically impossible and thus can rise above the distinction between being in and out of the universe. Hence God can be both transcendent and immanent due to his omnipotence and thus is able to create ex nihilo and interact with the world he has created. Thus in conclusion, if God exists then he must be the creator of the universe because if he didn't it would undermine his omnipotence which as explained is infinite. This creation was ex nihilo and was a free choice on God's behalf. If God did create the universe, it seems inevitable that he sustains because of his immutable nature. Furthermore, because the only coherent concept of God depends on the fact that God is illogically omnipotent, it follows that he is able to be both transcendent and immanent at the same time. Thus God is able to create ex nihilo and sustain the universe and still be coherent. ...read more.

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