• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Consider the factors which have contributed to the establishment of various forms of Buddhism in the west.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

a) Consider the factors which have contributed to the establishment of various forms of Buddhism in the west. Buddhism has many different traditions that have been adopted by and adapted for life in the west. Buddhism became popular in the west for several different reasons, for example, aspects of contemporary scientific thinking are more easily appropriated into a religion that has no God. Philosophers questioned the validity of Christianity and the Bible's historical authenticity. Furthermore the role of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution meant that Biblical criticism flourished. Additionally travel around the world was popular especially as the British Empire spanned almost one third of the eastern world was very appealing. Buddhism is undogmatic and imposes no ritual or other requirements; this means that it can be easily adapted in a multi-cultural society. Moreover Buddhist meditation techniques and the emphasis on personal development reinforce the ethic of individual attainment and self-help found in many modern west countries, also Buddhism has a modern approach to ethical dilemmas. ...read more.

Middle

Tibetan Buddhism was enormously appealing because it has a highly mystical nature and consists of complex rituals, mandalas and mantras. b) Explain and assess the validity of the claim that ''Buddhism is rooted in eastern culture and can only be a passing fashion in the western world''. Buddhism has had a tremendous impact on eastern culture; it spread rapidly in India and beyond. By the third century BCE it was the major faith of India and had successfully spread to Sri Lanka. Buddhist teaching was not restricted to any tribal or cultural group, offering a skilful way of living and a hope for salvation. Therefore it became an integral part of eastern culture. The monastic sangha was well organised and could be seen as an example of a successful spiritual path. Many of the rules and teachings for the monks however related to social and moral relationships rooted in cultural traditions of the east. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also Buddhism was attractive to the growing class of travellers and merchants, who had become detached from traditional rural beliefs, they were important in spreading the teachings of Buddhism in their travels. And the fact that contemporary society is more pluralistic and diverse than in the past means that several cultures and religions can be accessible and co-exist. Also it has been a long and slow process in which the Buddhist sangha and various monasteries and centres have been established and these centres and traditions are becoming more popular rather than appearing to be in decline or going out of fashion. In conclusion Buddhism maybe rooted in the east but there are long established Buddhist centres in the west and its growing popularity shows that it in fact is not only a passing fashion in the western world. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Buddhism section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Buddhism essays

  1. Describe in detail what is meant by the ‘Middle Way’.

    (10pm-2am) He understood the way in which all creatures come into existence and pass away again. He knew that everything in the world is constantly changing and that nothing lasts forever, however beautiful or precious a thing is it will eventually change and disappear.

  2. Buddhism is a religion that offers a new perspective on life. Many view Buddhism ...

    (iii) To try to develop good thoughts (iv) To try to maintain good thoughts that have arisen 7. Right mindfulness is also fourfold. It is mindfulness of the body, mindfulness of feelings/sensations, mindfulness of thoughts passing through the mind, and mindfulness of Dharma. 8. Right concentration is one-pointed ness of mind as developed in meditation.

  1. What are the main differences between Sikhism and Buddhism?

    Buddhists talk about forgiveness of each other without any involvement of God. Sikhism believes in the Grace of God- that God forgives and pardons humans for their wrong doings in repentance.

  2. Puja: Buddhism

    2. How is it used and why is it important? Offerings are made at the shrine as a mark of respect to the Buddha. Usually, seven different types of offerings are made at the shrine - two bowls of water, essential for drinking and washing, symbolise hospitality.

  1. Buddhist Monks and Nuns.

    No money or power is gained while being a Buddhist monk or nun only knowledge is gained. Have you ever wondered what Monks and Nuns do inside a Monastery? Well the right answer is obviously meditate, but what is it?

  2. Select and explain the religious rituals which might be performed when a Buddhist visits ...

    Worship (puja) is essential to a Buddhists life and this is preferably performed in a temple and this applies for all Buddhists but as there are limited Buddhist temples in Britain most Buddhists living in Britain will have to worship to a shrine in their own home.

  1. Analysis the Sutra on the Eight Realizations of the Great Beings.

    According to Heart Sutra, "When the Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara was coursing in the deep, Prajnaparamita, He saw that the five skandhas were empty...."the term five skandhas means five aggregates. Five skandhas composed of form, feeling, perception, mental formation and consciousness. Furthermore, Skandhas means to cover; people's Buddhist minds are covered by the five skandhas.

  2. Hinduism VS. Buddhism

    Therefore we must make ourselves free of worldly desires. Another thing they agree on is reincarnation. They both believe that one must perform good deeds.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work