• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Coursework H: Medical Issues

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Religious Studies GCSE Coursework H: Medical Issues Name: Candidate number: School name: Centre number: Religion: Medical Issues Describe the treatments available to help infertile couples to have children. Infertility can be defined as the inability to become pregnant after 12 months or more of unprotected intercourse1. There are several treatments available to help infertile couples to have children, including in-vitro fertilization (IVF)2, artificial insemination by donor (AID)3, artificial insemination by husband (AIH)4 and surrogacy5. In IVF, ovum are withdrawn from the woman and fertilized with the man's semen outside the womb under laboratory conditions. To increase the chance of being able to extract multiple eggs at one time from the woman, fertility medications are prescribed. The eggs are then retrieved through a minor surgical procedure using ultrasound and a hollow needle. The eggs are then fertilized in a dish with sperm, which is obtained by ejaculation, and once the embryo has developed to the eight-cell stage around 48-72 hours after the retrieval6, it is then replaced in the womb. Surrogacy, or 'womb-leasing'7, is often used when a woman cannot become pregnant. In the case of partial, or traditional, surrogacy, the egg and sperm of the surrogate mother and intended father are fertilized by IVF and then placed into the surrogate mother's womb. The surrogate mother bears the child for the intended mother and father and hands the baby over after birth. Gestational or full surrogacy is similar. However, in this case, the egg comes from the intended mother, and a baby conceived by this method, will not have any biological connection to the surrogate mother. ...read more.

Middle

In addition to this, Christians believe that because life is a gift from God, it is sacred and therefore to be treated as holy and valued and preserved. As a result, Christianity teaches that the body is a temple and that as stewards of God's creation, we should treat our bodies with respect, refraining from whatever is harmful to them. In support of this perspective is the teaching in 1 Corinthians26 and because of this, Christians may believe that organ transplants are impermissible because they harm the body of the donor and do not preserve it. Furthermore, organ transplants often exploit the poor because rich people will pay for their organs, and Christians are against this because of catechisms which teach that the rich should not exploit the poor27. Islam, like Christianity, teaches that life comes from God, belongs to God and is sacred; Muslims believe that we have been trusted by God with our bodies, as seen in the Qur'an28. It is therefore wrong to sell, give or donate any organs from our bodies which are essentially God's because the organs of a human body are sacred and so should not be tampered with, meaning that to take benefit from any part of a human is unlawful (haram). Muslims believe this because of teachings in the Hadith29 and of the Imam Nawawi30 who explained this particular Hadith. Some religions accept organ transplants if no life is terminated intentionally, however, in Islam, a human body is sacred even after death and organ transplants even after death, according to teachings such as that in the Hadith31, are therefore against the Muslim beliefs. ...read more.

Conclusion

This could be a problem as it could affect future generations in negative unforeseeable and uncontrollable ways41. Furthermore, genetic engineering offers the chance for discrimination or prejudice because we would be able to see who was genetically to our advantage or disadvantage. Some Christians are opposed to genetic research and engineering because they believe that God has created the genetic make-up of each human being especially and at the moment of conception. This is due to teachings such as that in Jeremiah42. These Christians also believe that people have no right to interfere with God's will and that doing so is 'playing God' because of their beliefs in the sanctity of life, which tell them that our lives are essentially God's because of teachings in the Bible43. Some Muslims are also opposed to genetic research and engineering because they too believe that the genetic make-up of each individual is established by God. They believe that only God can alter that make-up and that scientists who try to create life are 'playing God', which is unforgiveable because they believe that only God has the right to grant life, as taught in the Surah44. For the above reasons, such as that of the sanctity of life and the many teachings on matters of life and death in relation to God, people may believe that genetic research and engineering are wrong, and it is because of this, that it can be concluded that yes, only God has the right to interfere with our genes. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Abortion and other medical issues section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Abortion and other medical issues essays

  1. The Moral and Ethical Issues Surrounding Artificial Birth Control

    However, of all the various contraceptives available on the market, by far the most effective and popular due its convenience is the birth control pill, these oral contraceptives are especially designed to control the hormone levels of the woman. These pills need to be taken daily, for the entire duration

  2. An acceptance of the practice of abortion is incompatible with Christian beliefs in the ...

    they believe to be the most sacred and protect that one. `The Doctrine of Double Effect', is often used by Christians. As Victor W Watton states (in Religion and Life) `The doctrine of double effect is often used when discussing abortion.

  1. abortion coursework

    mental health of the woman, or her existing family members, or if the foetus has been conceived by rape or incest. Abortions will only be carried out if the woman is below or at the 24 week stage. Abortions with no time limit are allowed if there is a large

  2. Describe the treatments available to help infertile couples to have childrenDescribe the treatments available ...

    Unlike Roman Catholics they do not think an embryo is human life, instead they think it has the potential for human life. They believe that the discarded embryos can be justified by the doctrine of double effect; their intention is to produce children for childless couples, not to kill embryos.

  1. Explain why Religious people may have problems with transplant surgery?

    The reasons for this attitude vary, however they believe in transplant surgery, but do not agree with large amounts of money being used. Christians believe in the immortality of the soul, therefore believe that the body is not needed after death, and that accordingly its organs can be used to help the living.

  2. Abortion- Moral Issues

    The Catholic Church has held the same teachings on human life and abortion for 2,000 years. The Catechism reads, "Human life must be respected and protected absolutely from the moment of conception. ... Since the first century the Church has affirmed the moral evil of every procured abortion.

  1. Religion and Medical Issues

    Artificial Insemination by a donor is when the procedure remains exactly the same as Artificial Insemination by the husband. The warmed prepared sperm is introduced into the woman's uterus at around the time of ovulation, with the aim of getting the sperm nearer to the egg, apart from the sperm

  2. Religion and Medical Ethics

    The Vatican, though, has made no statement, on IVF. Though, Catholics oppose AIH they support it over AID, as bringing in a third party could be seen as adultery and breaks the exclusive marital relationship. It also takes all the intimacy of having a child away, as the biological father is not known.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work