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Critically Compare The Use Of VIDe Decision Making Software With Traditional Ethical Approaches In Case Study Context Ethics is concerned with the fundamental principles, norms or values which lie behind particular moral

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ASSESSMENT ONE Critically Compare The Use Of VIDe Decision Making Software With Traditional Ethical Approaches In Case Study Context Ethics is concerned with the fundamental principles, norms or values which lie behind particular moral judgments (Campbell and Higgs, 1982). Ethical issues arise when someone wants to know what is right or wrong, appropriate or inappropriate, praiseworthy or blameworthy, good or evil (Goodman, 1998). This essay will explore and compare two areas of ethical enquiries - Traditional Ethical Approaches and VIDe Decision-making Software. I will examine the principles and discuss the pro's and con's of each inquiry in the context of case studies 102 and 109, plus reflect on the multiple ethical perspectives throughout this paper. Traditional Ethical Approaches There are a number of philosophical theories that attempt to explain the moral status of decision making in health care. The ethical theories that will be discussed in this section are Utilitarian and Deontology. Utilitarian Approach The Utilitarian Approach, founded by Jeremy Bentham (1748 - 1832) and John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) rests on the premise that an individual ought to achieve the greatest good or greatest happiness, for the greatest number (Seedhouse, 1998). In other words, it focuses not on one's actions and their accord with one's idea of duty, but on the consequences of those actions. ...read more.


Deontology also allows a person to adhere to their personal moral rules (Campbell, Gillett and Jones, 1992). For instance given the minor age of the client in Case 109, the counsellor might decide that the client's father has a right to know that his son is alright or not. This will possibly lead to the rights of the client being destroyed unintentionally which will make deontology ultimately insufficient. In summary, utilitarianism's reliance on consequence and Kant's on intention is where both theories find their major downfall, because both must be taken into consideration. One needs to approach each situation with caution and empathy and use the best-felt judgment when faced with tough choices, while keeping in mind that there are things that are wrong and right which are usually innate to everyone (Dunn, 1999). VIDe Decision Making Software The future of the health professions is computational (Goodman, 1998). With the advancement of the VIDe software in New Zealand, it would seem that the standard of care for information, decision-making, and processing is changing fast. VIDe was developed to help medical staff and health practitioners decide on issues which invariably involve value systems and subjective judgments (Gregory, 2002, as cited in The New Zealand Herald). Strengths and Weaknesses I found the VIDe software to be very user friendly and self explaining. ...read more.


The use of VIDe in clinical practice will offer ever-increasing promise for improving patient care in a broad variety of settings. Conclusion: Human beings are ethical creatures. Every day we make scores of ethical decisions, mainly on matters of small practical importance. The basic statement of the natural moral law is: Do good and avoid evil (Dunn, 1999). But what is "good"? This essay raises multiple questions on the use of traditional ethical approaches and the more modern software, VIDe. Although both methods have significant importance in the way people or society makes ethical decisions, my impression of these theories, is that ethics are made up of many different approaches - each asking a different set of questions and therefore getting different answers. It is complex - it is diverse - it is controversial - it is necessary. REERENCES Campbell, A.V. & Higgs, R. (1982). Medical ethics in everyday practice. London: Darton, Longman and Todd. Campbell, A.; Gillett, G. & Jones, G. (1992). Practical medical ethics. Auckland: Oxford University Press. Dunn, H.P. (1999). Ethics for doctors, nurses, and patients. New York: Alba House. Goodman, K.W. (1998). Ethics, computing, and medicine: informatics and the transformation of healthcare. Cambridge: University Press Gregory, A. (2002). Software offers key to ethical dilemmas. New Zealand Herald. Retrieved September 19, 2005, from http://www.nzherald.co.nz/category/story.cfm?c_id=55&objectid=2997818 Sarney, E. (2000). Shot in the arm for those with health concerns. New Zealand Herald. Retrieved September 19, 2005, from http://www.nzherald.co.nz/category/story.cfm?c_id=74&objectid=146090 ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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