• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Critically discuss the psychological explanations of prejudice. To what extent have the attempts to reduce prejudice and discrimination been successful?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Critically discuss the psychological explanations of prejudice. To what extent have the attempts to reduce prejudice and discrimination been successful? Gordon Allport described prejudice as "aversive or hostile attitude toward a person who belongs to a group, simply because he belongs to that group, and is therefore presumed to have the objectionable qualities ascribed to that group". Prejudice is assuming things about a person putting them into a group. The aim of this essay is discuss the attempts to reduce prejudice and explain how successful they have been. In this essay, it is prejudice in the form of racism and prejudice against homosexuals that I will use It is important that we know what discrimination means. Discrimination is very similar to prejudice, rather than just being a thought or opinion on something, discrimination is the thoughts from being prejudice influencing a person's behaviour in a negative way. There are many explanations of prejudice given by psychologists and I will write about these in my essay. One psychological theory by Stephan and Stephen called Integrated Threat Theory of Prejudice describes how fear can cause prejudice. This fear has a few sources, one being that a person has the belief that the other person will do them harm, another is the other persons attitude will challenge their own and the belief that any contact with the other person will cause embarrassment, rejection or ridicule (2000 Clayton Tucker-Ladd). ...read more.

Middle

As well as Jewish people, black people have also suffered terrible discrimination by whites. In the 1700's there was a huge business in the black slave industry. Black people were transported over to America and the Caribbean as slaves. Even though slavery was abolished around the 1800's this event in history has been the explanation of the discrimination that blacks encounter even today. In the USA, black people had no rights and were completely segregated out of white society purely for the fact they had black skin (Eddie Baker 1999) Over time black people have fought for their rights and the situation for them changed, they were given equal rights, however racism still exists today. In modern society, people from every ethnic group want equality and harmony and attempts have been made to reduce prejudice and discrimination. One recommendation on how to reduce prejudice is to teach it in school to "prepare children to live in a peaceful world" Morton Deutsch (1993). His proposal uses several techniques, the first is cooperative learning, and this takes a few years. Conflict resolution is the second, constructive controversy is the third, and this is encouraging students to argue about issues in a way that "promotes critical and empathic thinking". The fourth aspect is mediation technique's this will help students resolve disagreements (Morton Deutsch 1993). Morton's recommendation is proposing the staff at school take the time and learn the skills needed to do the above in order to teach it to children at a young age, and this will reduce prejudice. ...read more.

Conclusion

Stonewall has also set up other sizable projects. Citizenship 21 was set up after a series of bombings that targeted minority groups in London in 1999, the project was officially launched in 2001. The aims were to increase awareness, build links with other communities, tackle prejudices and tackle homophobia (Citizenship 21 - Together for Equality 2004). The prejudice and discrimination aimed at homosexuals, and people of ethnic minority is mainly because of ignorance. Stonewall and other groups like it are providing information to everyone, which increases awareness and knowledge. The changes in society can be seen everywhere, for example, the amount of homosexuals on television has increased dramatically, increased tolerance by most, benefits for same sex couples and it is more accepted in the church. If we can recognise the dangerous and persistent powers of prejudice then we as a society will be more equipped to deal with this serious and ongoing problem. If we can understand that prejudicial thinking can be overcome through our commitment and education then it will help bring people together and celebrate the differences of people. In the multicultural society that we live in there are so many groups with different cultural backgrounds, and we live in a society in which we could learn from each other's differences. Prejudices will always be around; if people took an interest in each other then this would decrease. It is important that studies on the subject continue to help our future society. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Prejudice and Discrimination section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Prejudice and Discrimination essays

  1. show racism the red card'

    There are some possible solutions: o To Create Football Springboards operation: The initial objective is to bring young people having an unorganized practice of football, often in the districts, to integrate existing sporting clubs. It permits facilitating insertion in a structure organized by integrating gradually some rules of: * Practice

  2. Prejudice has been around for a long time and it was from there that ...

    But unfortunately, there are still some people who have disliked against people with different colour skin. Religion: Many people have been persecuted for their religious beliefs, a prime example of this is Northern Ireland where many Catholics and Protestants are being shot, bombed, killed or wounded.

  1. In "The Lemon Orchard," La Guma uses a number of techniques to convey his ...

    "Speaking with a mixture of dignity and contempt". The fact that nature has actually chosen sides against the black teacher is extremely significant. It suggests a frightening sense of isolation where the defenceless teacher is left all alone as the white people gang up on him, cheered on by Nature.

  2. How Prejudice and Discrimination Affects Our Modern Day Society.

    Just as I have loved you, you also should love one another". In this Jesus is telling us, even though someone may look different from you, doesn't mean you should hate that person. Acts10: 31. "I now understand... that God has no favourites, but that anybody of any nationality who

  1. Certain groups in society still experience prejudice and discrimination. How does this affect the ...

    For example at the day centre where I work we provide menu choices for the service users. 'Tony' is vegetarian and so it would be inappropriate to offer him the meat option for the day. Instead we ensure that there still is a selection of foods for him to choose from, so that his right to choice is not suppressed.

  2. Describe and evaluate two theories and two research studies that explain prejudice.

    In the first week, these two groups were completely segregated from one another, having little or no contact with the other group while they participated in tasks within their own group. At the end of a week the two groups were brought together and proceeded to take part in activities

  1. Free essay

    Prejudice and Discrimination

    A manager at IBC Vehicles, a subsidiary of General Motors, told her: "I can't have you walking around like that on my shop floor." Another worker asked: "Is that a new hard hat you're wearing then?" Yesterday, an industrial tribunal in Bedford ruled that Ms Khanum had been unfairly dismissed

  2. Discussing a range of theories on inclusion and the adverse effects on peoples lives ...

    It is the way in which they construct an image of themselves and others and form their self identity. It is therefore important to recognise people as individuals with their own needs. Some groups are discriminated against and it is important for workers to recognise this and work to help

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work