• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Death by Socrates and Homer.

Extracts from this document...


Kimberly Morgan May 6, 2003 Gov't 323 Professor Char Miller Death by Socrates and Homer Through out the history of man, there has always been one true guarantee from the moment of birth, the guarantee of death. It is in escapable; no matter what a person does there will come at time in their life when they will die. Many have theorized about what happens after death. Some have spoken of near death experiences in which they have caught a glimpse of the after life. There seems to be a common belief in the world that after the physical body dies the soul lives on. It is this belief that produces the question of what happens to the soul after is separates from the physical body. Many religions theorize that after death the soul goes though a judgment. A judgment of its activities here on earth. This judgment determines where the soul will spend the rest of eternality. However, none of these theories or beliefs can be proven or disproved. In the book The Trial and Death of Socrates; Four Dialogues written by Plato, Socrates refuses to escape his execution because he believes that would be unjust, and he would rather do the right thing by accepting his execution and allow his soul to move on to a better afterlife. Some feel as though life on earth is better then life after death; in the book The Iliad written by Homer, Homer portrays death as inevitable doom that all mortals must face. ...read more.


Socrates shows this when he says, "...I ought to be grieved at death, if I were not persuaded that I am going to other gods who are wise and good, and to men departed who are better than those whom I leave behind; and therefore I do not grieve as I might have done, for I have good hope that there is yet something remaining for the dead, and as has been said of old, some far better thing for the good than for the evil."(60) Socrates felt that he would be grieved at death if he did not believe the soul would fare better after death then when it is dwelling in the body. He is convinced, however, that after the soul is separated from the body, and it will go to other gods and will be associated with the souls of departed people who are even better than those now living on earth. Socrates felt that if you live your life on earth just and did what was right, and then you're after life would be much better then your life on earth. You would have better gods and meet better people in the after life. Also Socrates does not fear death because he feels that as a true philosopher he should welcome death. Death is only the separation of the soul from the body, and only leads to true happiness. ...read more.


town, I lose all hope of home but gain unfading glory; on the other, if I sail back to my own land my glory fails- but a long life lies ahead of me." (216) By "unfading glory", Achilles means glory that will live on in the memory of others. And he is faced with the decision to prolong his inevitable death by going home without glory, or have his memory live on after his own inevitable death by continuing to fight in the battle of Troy with glory. In conclusion, Socrates is prepared to die because he knows his soul will live on in a better life in the after world. He felt that he had no reason to fear death because he has lived a just life, and to escape and flee his execution would only dishonor himself. Socrates was a gifted individual who could see past the ignorance of the majority and teach what he believe to be the just way to live ones life. Plato used Socrates to display the many downfalls or inconsistencies with the belief that death is a punishment and is meant to be feared. The Iliad, on the other hand, portrayed that there was no life after death for mortals. In the epic, death is extremely feared because it is final. Both Homer and Plato illustrated that we as people really do not know anything about death, and we each have to use our individual beliefs to determine how we will approach death. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Capital Punishment section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Capital Punishment essays

  1. Compare and contrast the themes of death in Everyman and Morality Play

    In "Everyman" we see events occur as they happen because it is in present tense. This allows us as the audience to connect more with the audience as there is more immediacy. In comparison "Morality play" is written in past tense which makes it less dramatic.

  2. The Perfume , Birth and Death

    Seeing as Grenouille cannot be compared to an average human being, when the author described his somewhat possession from the "devil" it is not unpredictable that the remaining innocence Grenouille has is lost! Which means a part of Jean-Baptiste Grenouilles died in between those seven years and when he had

  1. Role of Fate

    Both the cases though completely different, points to the fact that things will happen only in one way. Clara hence does follow her fate while in Plancida's case it is her fate that she was unable to realize the omen in her son's dream.

  2. The albatross is described to be "a Christian soul" and it was acclaimed at ...

    In this case the albatross's death would link to a "killing" but on a more abstract level the albatross is seen as a human. The albatross is seen as a human in many ways. The bird is given a soul. The bird is identified to have God present within it.

  1. Is there any reason to suppose that I will survive my death?

    There has been debate, however, over interpretation of an NDE and hypnotic regressions/spontaneous recall their part as evidence for life after death. Naturalistic explanations have been given which account for the NDEs without reference to life after death or a spiritual ability to leave the body.

  2. Analysing a documentary called "14 Days in May".

    audience sees the gas chamber is when it is being tested on (black) rabbits. So it is almost as if the director uses (black) rabbits as being symbolic to what is happening to the black people. At this point in the documentary the audience would feel totally sympathetic towards EEJ.

  1. Describe the teachings and beliefs of Islam about death and what may happen after ...

    to help those who are in need of medical and human care. It is a condemnation of modem society that it argues for "mercy killing" in their cases. There is no mercy in such a killing. If people want to be merciful, then they should take good care of such patients.

  2. '14 Days in May' - A Biased Report.

    in the life of a 28 year old black man called Edward Earl Johnson, hence the name 14 Days in May. It was structured as a countdown from the days, to hours, until the last few minutes that the filming crew filmed.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work