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Death by Socrates and Homer.

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Introduction

Kimberly Morgan May 6, 2003 Gov't 323 Professor Char Miller Death by Socrates and Homer Through out the history of man, there has always been one true guarantee from the moment of birth, the guarantee of death. It is in escapable; no matter what a person does there will come at time in their life when they will die. Many have theorized about what happens after death. Some have spoken of near death experiences in which they have caught a glimpse of the after life. There seems to be a common belief in the world that after the physical body dies the soul lives on. It is this belief that produces the question of what happens to the soul after is separates from the physical body. Many religions theorize that after death the soul goes though a judgment. A judgment of its activities here on earth. This judgment determines where the soul will spend the rest of eternality. However, none of these theories or beliefs can be proven or disproved. In the book The Trial and Death of Socrates; Four Dialogues written by Plato, Socrates refuses to escape his execution because he believes that would be unjust, and he would rather do the right thing by accepting his execution and allow his soul to move on to a better afterlife. Some feel as though life on earth is better then life after death; in the book The Iliad written by Homer, Homer portrays death as inevitable doom that all mortals must face. ...read more.

Middle

Socrates shows this when he says, "...I ought to be grieved at death, if I were not persuaded that I am going to other gods who are wise and good, and to men departed who are better than those whom I leave behind; and therefore I do not grieve as I might have done, for I have good hope that there is yet something remaining for the dead, and as has been said of old, some far better thing for the good than for the evil."(60) Socrates felt that he would be grieved at death if he did not believe the soul would fare better after death then when it is dwelling in the body. He is convinced, however, that after the soul is separated from the body, and it will go to other gods and will be associated with the souls of departed people who are even better than those now living on earth. Socrates felt that if you live your life on earth just and did what was right, and then you're after life would be much better then your life on earth. You would have better gods and meet better people in the after life. Also Socrates does not fear death because he feels that as a true philosopher he should welcome death. Death is only the separation of the soul from the body, and only leads to true happiness. ...read more.

Conclusion

town, I lose all hope of home but gain unfading glory; on the other, if I sail back to my own land my glory fails- but a long life lies ahead of me." (216) By "unfading glory", Achilles means glory that will live on in the memory of others. And he is faced with the decision to prolong his inevitable death by going home without glory, or have his memory live on after his own inevitable death by continuing to fight in the battle of Troy with glory. In conclusion, Socrates is prepared to die because he knows his soul will live on in a better life in the after world. He felt that he had no reason to fear death because he has lived a just life, and to escape and flee his execution would only dishonor himself. Socrates was a gifted individual who could see past the ignorance of the majority and teach what he believe to be the just way to live ones life. Plato used Socrates to display the many downfalls or inconsistencies with the belief that death is a punishment and is meant to be feared. The Iliad, on the other hand, portrayed that there was no life after death for mortals. In the epic, death is extremely feared because it is final. Both Homer and Plato illustrated that we as people really do not know anything about death, and we each have to use our individual beliefs to determine how we will approach death. ...read more.

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