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Describe and explain the ways in which the Sabbath is observed in the Jewish home and synagogue

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Describe and explain the ways in which the Sabbath is observed in the Jewish home and synagogue As the Sabbath is regarded as an important day of the week, special preparations are made. The home is cleaned, outfits are chosen and the food is specially prepared for the whole of the Sabbath. Traditionally, the men go to synagogue on the Friday night while the women stay at home. Solomon Schechter described the Sabbath as "a living reality, to be welcomed after six days absence with that expectant joy and impatient love with which the groom meets the bride". As a result of this, the Sabbath is often described a bride. That is why women often wear white on the Sabbath, and the hymn, Lecha Dodi, is sung to welcome the Sabbath bride. When the last verse is sung, the congregation turn towards the entrance of the synagogue as if to welcome the Sabbath. Mourners enter at this point in the service. After kabbalat Shabbat, the phrase vehoo rachoom is omitted because it does not comply with the spirit of the Sabbath. ...read more.


These particular phrases are appropriate as the theme of eternity is central to Shabbat. The Amidah follows the same structure as the Friday night one but one of the middle benedictions is different. It centres on a biblical quotation from Moses. "I have a precious gift in my treasure house called the Sabbath and I want to give it to Israel". During the Hazarat Hashats, the Kedusha is lengthened. The extra passage explains how men try and connect with God more on a Shabbat, than on a weekday. It also suggests that it was on Shabbat that God took His place on His sovereign throne. On Shabbat, one or two portions of the Torah are read. In the times of the temple, extra sacrifices were brought on Shabbat. Seeing as the structure of the service correlates with the structure of the offerings brought to God, Musaf is the additional service that takes place on Shabbat and follows immediately after the return of the Torah to the Ark. El Malai Rachamim, a memorial prayer for the deceased and also a prayer for the sick members of the community. ...read more.


However, after Saturday night, the spices and candle are left out. The candle is made of two or more wicks. Wine does not have to be used, any drink apart from water will do. It is said standing with the cup of wine held in the right hand and the spices in the left. A blessing is made over the wine. Next, the spices are held are in the right hand and a benediction is made over them. The wine and spices are put down and a prayer over light is recited. Simultaneously, both hands are held over the fire, so the light can be clearly seen. Finally the wine is taken in the right hand and the last blessing is said over havdalah itself. The wine is drunk. It is a custom for the rest of the liquid to be poured into another container and for the fire to be extinguished in the beverage. Others dip fingers into the wine and touch their eyes as "the commandment of the Lord is pure, enlightening our eyes." Another custom is to touch the wine and put both hands in the pockets of clothing as sign of wanting prosperity for the upcoming week. ...read more.

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