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Describe some of the different the ways that the Sabbath is observed in Jewish homes and in the synagogue.

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Introduction

Describe some of the different the ways that the Sabbath is observed in Jewish homes and in the synagogue. The Sabbath or Shabbat is originally from the Hebrew word 'to rest'. G-d gave this name to the day when Jews must not do any work. In the bible it is stated, "Six days you shall do your work but on the seventh day you shall rest" (Ex.22.12) This day begins 18 minutes before sunset on Friday (as this is when Jews feel that the day begins) and ends 42 minutes after sunset on Saturday. The lighting of the candles is very significant and has to be balanced correctly because it cannot be done on the Sabbath itself as it is classed as work. Jews look as Sabbath as a holiday at the end of every week and say that "More than the Jews have kept the Sabbath, the Sabbath has kept the Jews." This weekly holiday begins in the synagogue, though it takes part in the home as well. The first part of the Sabbath is the service of MAARIV, the first of the 3 services in the synagogue. This is to welcome the Sabbath but only fathers and boys over 13 attend, women and other children stay at home and prepare the Kiddush (meal) and the blessings for Sabbath. During the service unique songs and prayers are said that are not said at any other service or festival. The main Sabbath service will begin with the KABBALAT SHABBAT, a mystical prayer made from a combination of Psalms. ...read more.

Middle

The Shema "O" Israel is a call to listen as it follows four phrases which, translated to English from Hebrew, mean this: * "G-d is one, G-d for everything, one there is." * "Therefore you shall love, the lord your G-d, with strength, soul and might with total commitment." * "All Jews are under obligation, they much learn and teach for eternity." - this includes the rules for the Tephilin * "Purse a holy life, "you shall only be holy for I the lord G-d am holy." After these the fourth stage of the service will commence. This is when the eighteen benedictions are said but there is in fact nineteen benedictions said but they are always referred to as the eighteen benedictions. Of these the thirteen in the middle are not said because they are asking about G-d, and G-d is supposed to be resting as well as on the Shabbat. Only the first three and last three are said out they do not ask for things from G-d. This is because the first three praise G-d and the last three thank him for what he has done for them and his acts in history. When "Holy, Holy, Holy" is said by everyone in the congregation, they will all stand on tiptoes to try to get closer to G-d, but when they say "Blessed" everyone will bend their knees to show that G-d is better than them and therefore are acknowledging this. After these readings the section involving the Torah starts. First everyone looks at the ark and the tabernacles as the scrolls are taken from the open cupboard and are taken around the synagogue. ...read more.

Conclusion

She will probably also pray for the people of Israel and her family. There are also the three main items of Havdalah and these are 1. A large cup of wine 2. A braided candle 3. A box of spices The candle is lit and the cup is filled with wine. The cup is then passed around the family until everyone has had a sip - it is then passed back to the father. The women do not drink the wine because it is said they will grow a beard if they do. Then the meal is eaten and as always in full sight of the kosher laws. Once the meal is finished, the spices in the box are bought out and the father says a special blessing. The box with the spices in, is highly decorated and lavishly canned, usually with gold and silver trims and a fine wood finish. The box is passed around the whole family and the spices are smelt to stress the sweetness of the Shabbat and that even at the end it is still sweet. The smell should also linger and therefore show that the Sabbath lingers in week to come. Then all the attention is on the candle with its multiple wicks. They inspect there fingernails in the light given off by the candle, some rabbis believe that this helps to stress the showing of the light and the dark, as the shadows show how the Sabbath kept them in light and now the Sabbath has ended the candle is put out in the wine to symbolise that the Sabbath has finished with the sweetness bought for it. ...read more.

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