• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe some of the different the ways that the Sabbath is observed in Jewish homes and in the synagogue.

Extracts from this document...


Describe some of the different the ways that the Sabbath is observed in Jewish homes and in the synagogue. The Sabbath or Shabbat is originally from the Hebrew word 'to rest'. G-d gave this name to the day when Jews must not do any work. In the bible it is stated, "Six days you shall do your work but on the seventh day you shall rest" (Ex.22.12) This day begins 18 minutes before sunset on Friday (as this is when Jews feel that the day begins) and ends 42 minutes after sunset on Saturday. The lighting of the candles is very significant and has to be balanced correctly because it cannot be done on the Sabbath itself as it is classed as work. Jews look as Sabbath as a holiday at the end of every week and say that "More than the Jews have kept the Sabbath, the Sabbath has kept the Jews." This weekly holiday begins in the synagogue, though it takes part in the home as well. The first part of the Sabbath is the service of MAARIV, the first of the 3 services in the synagogue. This is to welcome the Sabbath but only fathers and boys over 13 attend, women and other children stay at home and prepare the Kiddush (meal) and the blessings for Sabbath. During the service unique songs and prayers are said that are not said at any other service or festival. The main Sabbath service will begin with the KABBALAT SHABBAT, a mystical prayer made from a combination of Psalms. ...read more.


The Shema "O" Israel is a call to listen as it follows four phrases which, translated to English from Hebrew, mean this: * "G-d is one, G-d for everything, one there is." * "Therefore you shall love, the lord your G-d, with strength, soul and might with total commitment." * "All Jews are under obligation, they much learn and teach for eternity." - this includes the rules for the Tephilin * "Purse a holy life, "you shall only be holy for I the lord G-d am holy." After these the fourth stage of the service will commence. This is when the eighteen benedictions are said but there is in fact nineteen benedictions said but they are always referred to as the eighteen benedictions. Of these the thirteen in the middle are not said because they are asking about G-d, and G-d is supposed to be resting as well as on the Shabbat. Only the first three and last three are said out they do not ask for things from G-d. This is because the first three praise G-d and the last three thank him for what he has done for them and his acts in history. When "Holy, Holy, Holy" is said by everyone in the congregation, they will all stand on tiptoes to try to get closer to G-d, but when they say "Blessed" everyone will bend their knees to show that G-d is better than them and therefore are acknowledging this. After these readings the section involving the Torah starts. First everyone looks at the ark and the tabernacles as the scrolls are taken from the open cupboard and are taken around the synagogue. ...read more.


She will probably also pray for the people of Israel and her family. There are also the three main items of Havdalah and these are 1. A large cup of wine 2. A braided candle 3. A box of spices The candle is lit and the cup is filled with wine. The cup is then passed around the family until everyone has had a sip - it is then passed back to the father. The women do not drink the wine because it is said they will grow a beard if they do. Then the meal is eaten and as always in full sight of the kosher laws. Once the meal is finished, the spices in the box are bought out and the father says a special blessing. The box with the spices in, is highly decorated and lavishly canned, usually with gold and silver trims and a fine wood finish. The box is passed around the whole family and the spices are smelt to stress the sweetness of the Shabbat and that even at the end it is still sweet. The smell should also linger and therefore show that the Sabbath lingers in week to come. Then all the attention is on the candle with its multiple wicks. They inspect there fingernails in the light given off by the candle, some rabbis believe that this helps to stress the showing of the light and the dark, as the shadows show how the Sabbath kept them in light and now the Sabbath has ended the candle is put out in the wine to symbolise that the Sabbath has finished with the sweetness bought for it. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Judaism section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Judaism essays

  1. Pesach is the biggest of the three pilgrim festivals, along with Sukkot and Shavuot ...

    Seder is the highlight of the Passover, the word Seder means order or organisation and the Passover Seder is a festive meal conducted in an organised way so that all the Mitzvot of Pesach are forfilled. The Torah commands that during the Seder meal and all of Passover, Exodus is highly spoken of.

  2. a detailed account of Jewish food laws and origins

    After eating milk, a Jew only has to wait half an hour before consuming meat as dairy products tend not to cling to the mouth as firmly as meat. Meat and fish should not be served in the same course.

  1. Describe some of the different ways in which the Sabbath is observed in Jewish ...

    In the synagogue however, it can be anyone that lights these candles. The candles are said to represent the two commandments from the Torah which are to "keep" and to "remember". A blessing is read over the candles whilst making a circular motion with the hands.

  2. Being Jewish in Britain today

    There are very large seasonal differences in the times of sunset in Britain because of the long distance between Britain and the Tropics. In the height of summer, the sun normally does not set after 9pm (or even later in Scotland), lives could be easier for the Jews at that

  1. The Orthadox Synagogue

    Traditionally the longest string was dyed a specific blue, to represent the sky and the closeness to God, however over the centuries the colour has been lost. In most orthodox synagogues there will be 2 synagogues to account for the difference in numbers attending services.

  2. Y Synagogue: "Ty cwrdd, Ty Gweddi, Ty Dysg"

    Mae'r synagog yn rhoi cyfle gwych i ni fel Iddewon i gymdeithasu gyda'n gilydd a dod i adnabod y rhai uwch o fewn y synagog yn well. Felly i ni mae'r synagog yn fan cyfarfod yn ogystal ag addoldy. Engraifft berffaith o hyn yw sut mae'r iddewon Diwygiedig yn llwyddo

  1. Describe and explain the ways in which the Sabbath is observed in the Jewish ...

    The blessing of the children is said in Hebrew and often in English as well so the child understands the blessing. For boys, "May God make you like Ephraim and Menashe" is said and for girls, "May God make you like Sarah, Rebecca, Rachel and Leah."

  2. Sabbath. Every week, Jews have a day of rest called Sabbath or Shabbos

    As everyone leaves the synagogue they wish each other 'Good Shabbos' or 'Shabbat Shalom' (a Sabbath of peace). After Kiddush and before the evening meal everyone in the house most wash there hands, not for cleanliness, but for purification, they fill up a cup then pour if over the right

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work