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Describe The Main Features of a Specific Mosque.

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Introduction

Kulsum Patel Islam "A Place of Muslim Worship" Coursework 1 Unit K May 2003 Describe The Main Features of a Specific Mosque A mosque is a place of worship for Muslim people. In the Savile Town area of Dewsbury there are many Purpose built mosques. The mosque I am studying is called Masjid -e- Zakariyah. This mosque was built in 1992. Previously this building was an army cadet base. Before this mosque was bought there as a mosque in Savile Grove for the people whole lived around the Dewsbury area. This mosque was also not purpose built. It was houses which were turned into a mosque. Most mosques consist of:- 1. Dome 2. Minaret 3. Mihrab and 4. Minbar The dome in a mosque represents the world and is used as a design on the mosque. It is a symbol of unity and brotherhood. Most places of worship have domes e.g. Cathedrals, Temples and even some Synagogues. ...read more.

Middle

Minarets are often adorned, high, and striving to be as slim and elegant as possible. Modern minarets are often giving even more room for artistic achievements than in earlier times. In modern built mosques there are loudspeakers fitted so that the adhan is echoed throughout the area. All Mosques also have a mihrab and minbar. The mihrab is an archway that indicates the Qibla, the direction in which a Muslim perform salaat. In most mosques the mihrab is the position of the person leading the congregation in prayer, and is by most Muslims considered the most holy place in the mosque, even though the mihrab is not dedicated to God, but frequently to religious personalities. A mosque will normally have only one mihrab. The mihrab is by both Muslim and Western scholars considered as an element taken from churches, element added to the mosque for architectural reasons. The mihrab was most probably introduced in the 3rd century of Islam, in the 9th century AD. ...read more.

Conclusion

In Sunni Islam the term 'Imam' is used principally as a title, and has negligible importance in theology. The word imam generally refers to one who leads congregational worship. More broadly the term also applies to religious leaders in the Muslim community. Whilst an Imam leads worship, gives sermons and performs duties such as officiating marriages, they are not ordained clergy, nor do they belong to any kind of hierarchy. Also, an Imam does not act as an intermediary between an individual and God. The term imam has specific respected implications for Shi'is. The Imam is regarded by Shi'is not purely as a political leader, but as a metaphysical being. One who is without sin whose doctrinal pronouncements are infallible and who bestows true knowledge on humanity. The Imams are referred to within the Shi'i tradition as "Ma'soom" - free from error or sin - and are regarded by the mainstream of Shi'is as twelve in number. The last Imam, the Mahdi, is believed not to have died but to be in hiding and will appear at the end of time in order to bring about the triumph of the Shi'i faith. ...read more.

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