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Describe the teachings of the religion which you are studying about war and pacifism.

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Describe the teachings of the religion which you are studying about war and pacifism. Christians have different views and opinions about war (A state of open, armed, often prolonged conflict carried on between nations, states, or parties) and pacifism (the belief that disputes between nations should and can be settled peacefully) because of what the bible says in the New Testament and the Old Testament, what Jesus said about it, the just war theory and the holy war. I will explain these in the following essay and Christians points of views on them. One of the main reasons for some Christians agreeing with war is because of the just war theory and this was made in the 13th century by a Christian monk called Thomas Aquinas and he wrote this list of rules out because he believed war needed guidelines. The just war theory stated that war is acceptable but only as a last resort and this must be started by the proper authority e.g. ...read more.


calling them into battle, they were told that God was on there side, one of the prophets Joel said "Proclaim this among the nations: Prepare for war! Let all the fighting men draw near and attack. Beat your ploughshares into swords and your pruning hooks into spears... Bring down your warriors, O LORD!" this is mentioned in the bible under Joel chapter 3 and some Christians believe that this means war was acceptable and is a valid way of solving problems between two groups of people. Up until the fourth century Christian teachings was totally against violence and they did not retaliate when persecuted, however the holy war involving the crusades changed this. Two religions went to war even though both believing in peace and they fought for holy land, in the bible under 1 Samuel 15.2-3 God says '[I will] punish the people of Amalek because their ancestors opposed the Israelites ... Now go and attack the Amalekites and completely destroy everything they have'. ...read more.


famous Christians like Martin Luther King who won his fight for equality without violence he used non-violent protests as a weapon these people are known as Quakers and are conscientious objectors which means they will have nothing to do with war however once again other Christians would say war solve a lot of problems. Another reason as to why some Christians disagree with war and violence is because of what is written in the New Testament of the bible, In which Jesus never agreed with violence only peace under Matthew 5:9 it mentions 'Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called sons of God' It is the actions of Jesus that make them think violence isn't right, this also links to the teachings of Jesus in the sermon on the mount (under Matthew 5 - 6 - 7 in the bible) were he talked about violence not being right and that peace is the answer. For the people who disagree with war they believe in alternatives such as peace offerings to solve there problems. ?? ?? ?? ?? Adam Reilly Philosophy & Ethics ...read more.

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