• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'Discrimination and prejudice in crowd settings'.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Assignment- 'Discrimination and prejudice in crowd settings' (A) The first assumption in the article is how people in a mass crowd can become very discriminative and racist such as in a football stadium. It is quite often that we see racism in football and as a group becomes larger each individual has a less chance of being identified and therefore punished. The relationship between deindividuation and anti-social behaviour is explained by Le bon, who helps to elaborate on the psychology of crowd behaviour and individuals within that crowd. The second assumption in the article is about how people in a football stadium are withdrawn from helping when they clearly witness a racist or aggressive event. Darley and Latane (1970) explain the concept of diffusion of responsibility and how large groups may affect the cognitive process of helping. The third assumption is that as individuals self-categorise themselves in a football stadium they become known as in-groups and out-groups. ...read more.

Middle

Additionally the individual may have accepted responsibility, however it was shared by all the witnesses and therefore someone else rationalised that somebody else may have already intervened. It is evident that in the presence of others intervening will be inhibited. The third issue in the article states 'I would estimate that at least 70 percent turned away from the match and focused their attention and directed their chanting of 'BURNLY, BURNLY, BURNLY'to the encouragement of the hooligans. The third issue in the article describes how discrimination evolves from certain settings in the crowd, when they are arbitrarily divided into groups. The important idea is identification. We identify with groups that we perceive ourselves to belong to, this is evident as the crowd shout out " Hello, hello, we are the George boys ". This demonstrates that the crowd perceive themselves as unique individuals and self-categorise themselves as one of the group. ...read more.

Conclusion

It has been found that a stamped addressed envelope dropped in a crowded place were less likely to be posted. Holahan (1977) argues that this is due to fears for personal safety. Therefore the environment could be altered so that a more friendly approach is created and so that external factors do not affect someones safety. For example creating more space between individuals and introducing more stewards could help to decrease the diffusion of responsibility. Discrimination and racism in football is inevitable. However lowering the extent to which it is displayed can be controlled. As discrimination is mainly caused by groups (self-categorisation) it would be possible to blur boundaries between groups or even lower competition could help to lower hostility. The study by Deutsch and Collins (1951) compared two kinds of housing projects between blacks and whites. It was found that neighbourly contact lead to a decrease in prejudice. This study demonstrates that prejudice can be lowered significantly if cultures such as black & whites are in contact environmentally. Educating about racism could also help reduce prejudice for example in schools. Atif Ullah 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Prejudice and Discrimination section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Prejudice and Discrimination essays

  1. Racism in Football

    'Let's stamp racism out of football' This was a large scale, national campaign which begun in 1993/4. It was intended to cut racial harassment out of football. It was supported by CRE/PFA (Commission for Racial Equality and Professional Footballers Association)

  2. Critically discuss the psychological explanations of prejudice. To what extent have the attempts ...

    In order for this to be successful, it must first be taken on board by schools, it is important for this study to be continued as to show how successful it has been. In multicultural societies, interaction among ethnic groups is inevitable, unless you are a person that never leaves your house.

  1. Certain groups in society still experience prejudice and discrimination. How does this affect the ...

    By this point Lorna did not feel that she belonged with any one. She could not answer the question of 'who am I?' and must have felt very alone. (Unit 3 pp 76-77) For me this highlights the use and true meaning of the term 'equal opportunities'.

  2. Free essay

    Prejudice and Discrimination

    the school do not use their sense of discrimination in a negative manner. Question Six This story deals with the life of an Indian family, the Patels, which have to move out of Uganda, because the president of Uganda, President Amin, has announced that all foreigners have to get out of the country, or they will get killed.

  1. Prejudice and Discrimination - Describe the teachings of Christianity about discrimination and prejudice and ...

    In 1963 he led a massive civil rights campaign in Birmingham, Alabama as well as drives for black voting, desegregation, better education and better housing. He also led the historic march on Washington in August 1963 protesting in favour of a new Civil Rights Bill, which was later made law.

  2. Prejudice and Discrimination.

    We should try to stop prejudice and discrimination so everyone's lives are better. A Christian employer would be morally obliged to demonstrate equality in their firm. Christianity is very relevant to the problem of prejudice and discrimination because it provides a moral framework to criticise its existence.

  1. Whispers about the witnesses.

    In Croyden rock music was played instead of the traditional hymns, and discussions frequently revolved around sex. These are all desperate last attempts on the part of the clergy to salvage the dwindling number of churchgoers. I was quite shocked to learn that the birth of Christ could not have

  2. WHAT HAVE SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGISTS CONTRIBUTED TO ATTEMPTS TO REDUCE PREJUDICE?

    about it and making schools more culturally diversified as it has been proven that education itself reduces prejudice. Glock et al (1975) believed that prejudice arises from lack of knowledge. Therefore if children are educated from a young age about prejudice then there will be less prejudice.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work