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Discuss the Problem of Evil

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Introduction

Aamir Kaderbhai ~The problem of evil~ “In a world in which billions of innocent people suffer, it makes little sense claiming that there is a good and all-powerful god” I do not believe this sentence is true or makes sense to me as there has been many philosophers who have come up with arguments called Theodicy’s which are arguments that oppose the sentence above as they are arguments that endeavor to prove the existence of an Omnibenevolent (all loving), Omnipotent (all powerful) and Omniscient (All Knowing) God in an evil world. The word Theodicy comes from the Greek words (Θεος) Theos meaning God and (âικε) Dike meaning justice and the meaning is an attempt to show how it is reasonable to believe both in a loving God and in the painful facts of life. In the following essay I will be explaining how I have used some of these famous theodicy’s to come up with an argument that opposes the theory above that god cannot exist in an evil world. (Throughout this essay all my theories will be based on the fact that god created evil. I have come to the conclusion that this is true because if god is omnipotent and omniscient then he has to have created evil. There is no way that god wouldn’t know that evil would occur when he created the world and there would be no way he wouldn’t be able to stop it occurring. ...read more.

Middle

________________ ________________ However, some people may disagree with me because of several critiques of the Theodicy?s above. In terms of the Iranaean theodicy, critics might say that Ireanaeus was wrong in saying that all humans have the potential for development. Say a newly born child died in a transport accident. How was it possible for that child to develop spiritually and be judged by god and go either to heaven or hell? The same goes for a mentally disabled human. How is it possible for them to develop in a normal human way? If this is true than the Iranaean theodicy is logically made redundant. Others, who are critics of free will theodicy, might say that St Augustine was wrong in saying that if there was no evil then there would be no free will. They would say that there is normally more than one way someone can make the right decision (e.g. if there was someone who was broke and living in poverty because he couldn?t get to his place of work, if you had some money to help him would you buy him a new car so he could get to work or would you buy him an apartment so he isn?t living in poverty, both are morally right choices). If this is true then even if evil didn?t exist there would still be free will, as infinitely good beings would still be able to choose different options in making decisions, making the free will theodicy redundant. ...read more.

Conclusion

If god put evil in the world to test us, the he had to give us free will so that we had the right to choose either the good or evil choice. Only then can God judge us according to our true actions in life. However, I also think that some evil is not put in the world to test us, but has to be caused to prevent a higher evil from occurring. I believe this because it makes a lot of logical sense to me and I see examples of this happening on a much smaller scale every day (e.g. someone had to torture a terrorist for information, but that information lead to the prevention of twenty deaths). As humans have a finite knowledge we cannot see the whole picture of the earth?s evil and god, with his infinite power, can, so we can only find examples of this theory on a much smaller scale. I have also chosen these three theodicy?s because they do not contradict each other. I do not believe that all evil in the world has to be placed there for the same reason. I will end this essay by saying that it is more than unlikely that we will ever know the true reason why god created evil. If God is omniscient then the reason why he created evil is likely to be far beyond the comprehension of our mortal minds and until the day we also become Omniscient, we will only be able to make up slightly flaw theodicies. ...read more.

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