• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the suggestion that the more science discovers about the universe the stronger the teological argument becomes.

Extracts from this document...


Discuss the suggestion that the more science discovers about the universe the stronger the teological argument becomes. Science does give us more and more information about the universe, but it doesn't believe in God or god as the designer of the universe as there is no scientific evidence for the existent of God. But learning more about the universe does show us that there is an order in the universe, which strengthens the teological argument. The Design argument is a theory based on the idea that everything in the Universe is ordered. It is also known as the Teological argument, derived from the Greek word "telos" meaning "end" or "purpose." The basic and fundamental proposal of the design argument is that because of the apparent order that is present in the Universe and on earth, we must conclude that there is an element of design involved. To design something, it is logical to think that there must be a designer. This designer is God. The idea of God being the designer of the universe in this teological argument is something that hasn't been scientifically proven therefore science disagrees with the idea. The design argument is spilt into two parts; design qua regularity and design qua purpose. ...read more.


Therefore man is not simply a product of evolution and natural selection but a specific design. Simply put, he says the fact that the universe is saturated with beauty suggests that it can't just have happened- there must have been a designer- again, God. The Anthropic Principle, again developed by Tennant, is a more scientific method of supporting the design argument. The conditions of chemicals and gasses at the time of creation where in just the right proportions for the development of human life. If these values had been even just a tiny bit different then this would not have been possible. With this in mind we are encouraged to conclude that, with such a minute chance, surely the universe must have been designed. There are weaknesses in the design argument that can be expressed. The basis of the argument "There is order in the universes, the universe has been designed, God has designed the universe" is an a posteriori argument. The universe certainly isn't ordered in the same perfect way as a watch is ordered. This shows Paley's analogy to be flawed. For example how can the world be in a state of perfect order when we have what is called "natural evil" in the world. ...read more.


Some have also cited the argument's strength comes from its relation with religious materials, for example the creation story. "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth." For believers in God, this confirms and cements their beliefs. In conclusion, the success of the Design Argument rests upon probability and individual judgment. The Design Argument, as illustrated by the various criticisms of it, is by no means conclusive, if it was then everyone would know that God exists. If you believe that the universe is a product of blind chance then the design argument will not be strong enough to change your beliefs. I.e. it won't convince an atheist. However, the idea of the universe just being here, a brute fact, a product of blind chance and nothing more is a personally unsatisfactory one due to the extraordinary nature of the universe and so whist the Design Argument may not conclusively prove the existence of God it suggests that the existence of a Designer, who we know as God, is a more probable likelihood than not. Science shows the design of the universe. Science strengthens the design argument as it shows us more and more information about the universe. Therefore there is even more reason for believing that there was and is a designer who planned and created the universe. But there is no proof that the designer is God. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Existence of God section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Existence of God essays

  1. Explain the Ontological argument.

    The stability and order of the universe is not a result of a divine designer but of random particles coming together to form the current stable universe. Darwin and the theory of evolution has challenged the design argument, as it revolutionised the way that species including human beings developed.

  2. Man and the Universe

    Religious Perspective Many world religions have their own beliefs of the origins of the universe. Mostly based on the scriptures of the religion, it is argued through religious philosophy. Christianity Christianity is a monotheistic religion. Its beliefs are based on the teachings of Jesus of Nazareth.

  1. Examine the claim that one day science will be able to explain everything.

    The next major debate is how we arrived on Earth. For those who believe in Creationism, the standard belief is that God fashioned Adam in his own image, and then created Eve from the rib of Adam. As far as Creationism is concerned, God placed all living things on Earth in the same form which they exist in today.

  2. The design argument depends on key assumptions, in particular that the order in the ...

    the way in which the inorganic world has provided the basic necessities required to sustain life. 3) the progress of evolution towards the emergence of intelligent human life" (Anne Jordan) Tennant argued that if we look around us the world is not a chaos.

  1. Examine the differences which may exist between a religious and scientific interpretation of the ...

    This is a huge difference both from the treatment of Darwin, and the Treatment of Galileo one of the forerunners of the Big Bang theory, who was exiled for claiming, correctly, that the earth orbited the sun, not the other way round.

  2. Science does not as yet have a full understanding of the universe. However, it ...

    Other researchers have found another dozen such celestial heavyweights. In addition, the scientists' data contain a growing number of indications that "there are going to be many more small planets"1 discovered in coming years.

  1. Religion & Science'.

    They say that this is called soul and God breathes this into every human being when they are in the womb of their mother: 'The Lord God formed the man from the dust of ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living thing.'

  2. The Teleological Argument.

    Therefore the world doesn't need a maker.' Again we can say that the world bears no resemblance to a plant or a human being. Even the world of science says that the world began as gases, so this theory has no substance. What it could suggest though is that in order for reproduction to being you need a parent; in this context the parent could be God.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work