• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss the suggestion that the more science discovers about the universe the stronger the teological argument becomes.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Discuss the suggestion that the more science discovers about the universe the stronger the teological argument becomes. Science does give us more and more information about the universe, but it doesn't believe in God or god as the designer of the universe as there is no scientific evidence for the existent of God. But learning more about the universe does show us that there is an order in the universe, which strengthens the teological argument. The Design argument is a theory based on the idea that everything in the Universe is ordered. It is also known as the Teological argument, derived from the Greek word "telos" meaning "end" or "purpose." The basic and fundamental proposal of the design argument is that because of the apparent order that is present in the Universe and on earth, we must conclude that there is an element of design involved. To design something, it is logical to think that there must be a designer. This designer is God. The idea of God being the designer of the universe in this teological argument is something that hasn't been scientifically proven therefore science disagrees with the idea. The design argument is spilt into two parts; design qua regularity and design qua purpose. ...read more.

Middle

Therefore man is not simply a product of evolution and natural selection but a specific design. Simply put, he says the fact that the universe is saturated with beauty suggests that it can't just have happened- there must have been a designer- again, God. The Anthropic Principle, again developed by Tennant, is a more scientific method of supporting the design argument. The conditions of chemicals and gasses at the time of creation where in just the right proportions for the development of human life. If these values had been even just a tiny bit different then this would not have been possible. With this in mind we are encouraged to conclude that, with such a minute chance, surely the universe must have been designed. There are weaknesses in the design argument that can be expressed. The basis of the argument "There is order in the universes, the universe has been designed, God has designed the universe" is an a posteriori argument. The universe certainly isn't ordered in the same perfect way as a watch is ordered. This shows Paley's analogy to be flawed. For example how can the world be in a state of perfect order when we have what is called "natural evil" in the world. ...read more.

Conclusion

Some have also cited the argument's strength comes from its relation with religious materials, for example the creation story. "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth." For believers in God, this confirms and cements their beliefs. In conclusion, the success of the Design Argument rests upon probability and individual judgment. The Design Argument, as illustrated by the various criticisms of it, is by no means conclusive, if it was then everyone would know that God exists. If you believe that the universe is a product of blind chance then the design argument will not be strong enough to change your beliefs. I.e. it won't convince an atheist. However, the idea of the universe just being here, a brute fact, a product of blind chance and nothing more is a personally unsatisfactory one due to the extraordinary nature of the universe and so whist the Design Argument may not conclusively prove the existence of God it suggests that the existence of a Designer, who we know as God, is a more probable likelihood than not. Science shows the design of the universe. Science strengthens the design argument as it shows us more and more information about the universe. Therefore there is even more reason for believing that there was and is a designer who planned and created the universe. But there is no proof that the designer is God. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Existence of God section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Existence of God essays

  1. Man and the Universe

    Christianity is classified as an Abrahamic religion, sharing many links with both Judaism and Islam. Abrahamic religions all believe in creation as ex nihilo (meaning 'out of nothing'). It can be seen through the line "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth" (Genesis 1:1), that appears in

  2. Examine the claim that one day science will be able to explain everything.

    However, Creationism was replaced by Darwins theory of evolution. Darwinian theory says that humans evolved from bacteria in the primordial soup, created during the big bang. We evolved and adapted to our environment, through genetic mutation, and passing on that mutation to our offspring, to allow ourselves the best chance of survival.

  1. The design argument depends on key assumptions, in particular that the order in the ...

    Other possible analogy was another of Hume's criticisms. He argues that why can we not compare the universe to a carrot then the mark of design in the world could be caused by something similar to generation or vegetation. He argued that intelligence is a process of generation.

  2. Science does not as yet have a full understanding of the universe. However, it ...

    I will give examples of some of these endeavours that underline Man's eagerness to attain a greater awareness of the universe. Astronomers Geoffrey Marcy and Paul Butler a few years ago had detected 21 planets the size of Jupiter, 300 times the mass of Earth, or larger.

  1. Religion & Science'.

    (Roman Catholic Statement 1991) However, some Christian argue that the world is given to them by God as a gift and so they can do whatever they want because a gift is the property of the receiver.

  2. Explain the Ontological argument.

    The cosmological argument has to many faults for it to alone prove the existence of God. To judge adequately whether God exists one would have to take into account other arguments such as the design argument. What is the design argument The design argument is a teleological argument.

  1. The Teleological Argument.

    Another argument is that 'the world occurred due to chance and therefore has no purpose.' This criticises all of the theories placed forward by the teleological argument. The 'fine tuning' of the universe necessary for life points to the idea of design.

  2. What does St. Thomas Aquinas consider to be the nature and methodology of the ...

    This is where the wisdom is derived. When looking at what Thomas means by Theology being argumentative we have to assess his bases for 'argument'. That is to say that the argument is not with the bases of what the Church agrees but with those who disagree with the basis that we may start with.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work