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Discussing a range of theories on inclusion and the adverse effects on peoples lives brought about by discrimination and inequality.

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Introduction

Inclusion "No one is born hating another person because of the colour of his skin, or his background or his religion. People must learn to hate and if they can hate they can learn to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite." (Mandela,N.1994) This essay emphasises at demonstrating a range of theories on inclusion and the adverse effects on people's lives brought about by discrimination and inequality. It will aim on racism and the implementation of anti-discriminatory practices that have been set out to promote equality. The essay will also involve happenings in history, laws and legislations that have enabled society and the early year's settings to work towards good practice. Discrimination is an act upon which a person is secluded from a certain group based on the grounds of age, race, gender, religion, sexual orientation or cultural background. As stated by a source from the internet (Name and date unknown) "Discrimination is a violation of civil rights law defined by unfavourable or unfair treatment of a person or class of persons in comparison to others who are not members of the protected class because of: race, sex, colour, religion, national origin, age, physical/mental handicap, sexual harassment, sexual orientation or reprisal for opposition to discriminatory practices." ...read more.

Middle

Britain celebrated 200 years of abolition of the Slave Trade on the 25th of March 2007. In recent years legislations and national standards are brought into action to promote anti-discriminatory practice; which includes looking at all aspects of people be they children, families or colleagues, and ways in which we can work towards reducing individual and institutional discrimination. One of the things we do when meeting people is to make assumptions about them. This is partly based on how we see ourselves as similar or different to other people. According to Millam, R (1996) "Children learn that we live in a diverse community, and they need to learn how to acknowledge and to respect that diversity. All groups are included in an anti-discriminatory framework because all are equally important, although not all groups are equally visible in society". Working within an anti- discriminatory framework is important for everyone, as it can elevate positive action to counter discrimination. It is about being proactive and presenting positive images of the diversity of people that make up our society, and also challenging any discriminatory or oppressive language and behavior. "Inclusion means, welcoming and accepting all children whatever their background, gender ethnicity, religious beliefs or ability. ...read more.

Conclusion

All children need to feel and to have the chance to fulfil their full potential. Appropriately stated by the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child that "Rights are things every child should have or be able to do as all children have the same rights." We live in a multicultural society and "A child may be classed gendered or 'radicalized' in more than one way. In the very act of identifying ourselves as one thing, we distance ourselves from something else." Siraj-Blatchford (2003, p4). Equal opportunities and related legislation has become a topical and much publicized issue in recent years. Employers are now spending vast amounts of money and time to educate all levels of employees in the area of Equal Opportunities and discrimination. This is to ensure that managers are aware of the implications, and also to communicate to all members that the work place stance on discrimination by keeping in mind that "Inclusion means welcoming and accepting all children whatever their background, gender, ethnicity, religious belief or ability. It means within an early years setting or through outreach work, creating an atmosphere that, without being bland, is truly inclusive. This is far more complex than it sounds and will involve many ingredients to be truly successful." Knowles, G. ...read more.

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