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Do we have to learn to think scientifically in order to find the truth?

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Introduction

Chantel Pomerville IB TOK / Bath Block 7 Prescribed Essay Do we have to learn to think scientifically in order to find the truth? Truth is hard to define. To one, truth could be that the sun will rise tomorrow. But to a scientific mind, the truth may be that the earth will continue to revolve around the sun tomorrow, with the sun remaining stationary. Which one is the truth? Both individuals present a valid argument, which is a justified true belief. This leads to the argument of whether or not there are universal truths, or a certain method of thinking that needs be applied to find truth. The scientific method is a means of verifying claims and proving them true. There are also three 'Truth Tests' that can be applied to an idea to test its validity. But how do these tests work when there is no physical evidence? What does one do when testing belief and faith as truth? When science is taught at school, children as told that there is one method that is used to validate hypotheses. This process involves finding a problem, gathering information, creating a hypothesis, making observations, testing the hypothesis and producing conclusions. ...read more.

Middle

His name is Jay, as also stated on his Birth Certificate. So, by relating the statement to already existing facts, I can logically validate the truth claim that my brother is fourteen. This system is most often used to verify current events and history, and also has faults. If one fact in the chain is false, then the whole idea is false. The pragmatic test states that the idea that works for you is the one that is true. This is used to test how well our ideas work. For example, your lamp is not working. First, you test the light switch to see if the power comes on, and it does not. Then you check to see if the lamp is plugged in, which it is. Then you proceed downstairs to the circuit breaker, and realize that that switch was not on. This gradually develops into the hypothesis that your circuit switch was tripped. This truth claim is the one that works, and is the one that is true. Then there is the argument that truth is subjective. Subjective proof is particular to the individual. Modified and affected by personal views and experience, this truth is very individual. ...read more.

Conclusion

Some will argue that these people have created the Truth of God's existence, since there is no valid proof. The people who need valid proof often subject ideas to truth tests to determine validity. So, if these truth claims cannot be proven by science, a 'valid' way of finding truth, then why do billions of people believe? Is it just blind faith, or is there something more there that justifies their beliefs? I think that truth is both individual and universal. On faith-based issues, truth is very individual. The concrete scientific evidence that backs up religious beliefs is very slim. I think that is why they are called faith - one has personal faith in the belief, and knows it to be true intuitively. Universal truths are scientifically and mathematically proven, un-debatable facts. Scientific thinking is not needed to 'prove' every 'Truth'. There is no "one way" to find scientific knowledge. Even when scientists make a new discovery, it is only truth until another newer idea proves it false. Many of today's scientific 'theories' are just that - theories that have no solid proof, just like faith issues. We may never know or be able to define what the Truth is, we can only hypothesize and speculate, and defining the real meaning of truth is easier said than done. 1,248 words ...read more.

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