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Does the universe have a purpose? Discuss.Every culture in the world and most religions have their own description of the creation of the universe,

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Introduction

Does the universe have a purpose? Discuss. Every culture in the world and most religions have their own description of the creation of the universe, from where we came, and what we should do. Unfortunately, these are often short and generalised versions that lack details. Thus, they are often given the same regard as myths. However, there are descriptions that give more elaborate explanations of how the cosmic creation fully manifested, which are found in the ancient Vedic texts and Puranas of India, some of the oldest spiritual writings on the planet. These descriptions provide details and answers that other versions leave out. Furthermore, these Vedic descriptions often agree, and sometimes disagree, with the modern scientific theories of creation, and offer some factors that science has yet to consider. Humans have thrived through their urge to investigate cause and effect. We have prospered by our ability to design tools to manipulate the world. The impulse to understand causes is so strong that we apply it to everything. When we see what seems to be design, we are biologically driven to ask who designed it and for what purpose. Ironically, these drives have helped to sustain beliefs in God and gods - even though these are results of our inability to elucidate. When pre-scientific people saw lightning flash, they assumed that gods must be hurling the thunderbolts and they designed rituals to manipulate the gods. ...read more.

Middle

Consequently it is necessary to admit a first efficient cause, to which everyone gives the name of God. He went on to talk about purpose, in which we see things which lack knowledge (e.g. natural bodies) and act for an end. This is evident from people nearly always acting in the same way, so as to obtain the best result. Hence it is plain that they achieve their result not by chance, but by design. Whatever lacks knowledge cannot move towards an end, unless directed by some being endowed with knowledge and intelligence. Therefore some intelligent being exists by whom all natural things are ordered to their end which is what we term God. However these arguments are limited, as the causal argument proves - at most - that there was a first cause, but does not tell us what the first cause was like and does not prove that the first cause was mental; there is no reason why it should not have been material. Similarly, the design argument proves, at most, that the universe was designed. It does not show who or what the designer was, or whether the designer was a material or purely mental being. The designer might have been a computer game played by a child in another dimension. It might have been an enormous intelligent life form. The argument from design does not explain what the designer's purpose was. ...read more.

Conclusion

Cosmologist Stephen Hawking has proposed a scientific approach to ending the cause question. He envisages a quantum universe where space-time would be curved back on itself like the surface of a sphere, and thus would have no beginning or end: the quantum theory of gravity has opened up a new possibility, in which there would be no boundary to space time. There would be no singularities at which the laws of science break down and no edge of space-time at which one would have to appeal to God or some new law to set the boundary conditions for space-time. The universe would be completely self-contained and not affected by anything outside itself and would neither be created nor destroyed; it would just be. Therefore there would be no place for a creator. A similar sphere or circularity might result if the universe had enough mass to be closed - that is, to recollapse on itself in a "big crunch," which in turn might be followed by another "big bang." In that case the end of one cycle would be the cause of the beginning of the next, and indeed there may have been the exact same moment in human history thousands, millions, even an infinite amount of times. Indeed this essay may also have existed an infinite number of times, which leads to the view that the universe has no inherent purpose as it will continue to repeat itself endlessly. ...read more.

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