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Edexcel Coursework: Unit 5: Religion and medical issues Infertility is when either a man or a woman's sperm or egg is not healthy enough to fertilise or

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Coursework Edexcel Coursework: Unit 5: Religion and medical issues Infertility is when either a man or a woman's sperm or egg is not healthy enough to fertilise or produce for fertilisation. (a) (i) Describe the treatments available to help infertile couples to have children. In-vitro fertilisation (IVF) is when a woman's egg is fertilised outside of the womb using the male's sperm or a donor's sperm which is then placed back in the woman's womb. Artificial insemination by husband (AIH), which is when the sperm of the male is placed into the female mechanically. Artificial insemination by donor (AID), when an anonymous sperm donor's sperm is mechanically placed into the female. Egg donation, when a donated egg is fertilised by IVF using the mans sperm which is then inserted into the woman's womb by mechanical means. Embryo donation, when both a sperm and egg come from donors which is then fertilised using IVF and then placed back in the female's womb mechanically. Surrogacy, when either the sperm or the egg of a man and woman are fertilised by IVF and placed into another woman's womb; or either when another female is inseminated artificially by the man's sperm. In both of these cases, the baby of the female is handed over to the woman and wife. (ii) Explain Christian attitudes, and the attitudes of one other religion, to these treatments. ...read more.


In response, some Jewish women are trying to have more babies. Among them are women embracing single motherhood, achieved by artificial insemination. Survival is a powerful theme in Judaism, which has endured the Holocaust and other challenges. A new trend is that Jewish women feel empowered to address declines because of their faith's acceptance of reproductive technology and because Jewishness is traditionally believed to be passed down through the mother. Some Jewish women say they feel personally responsible because God commanded them to be fruitful and multiply. On top of that, the decline in Jewish women's reproductive rate has often been blamed on the fact that they are marrying late and delaying childbearing, because of graduate school and careers. Jews are also increasingly marrying non-Jews, which far increases the odds that the children will not be raised Jewish. As older couples and single women seek parenthood, the demand for Jewish donor eggs and surrogates far exceeds the supply. In a country where synagogue affiliation is estimated at less than 50 percent, Jewish congregations are being challenged to consider how far they should go to support Jewish parents, and single mothers in particular. Monetary payments have been suggested. All these raise religious and ethical questions for a faith determined to flourish. (iii) Explain why religious people may have problems with transplant surgery. ...read more.


But most Christians think that genetic engineering is all right as long as it isn't used to create 'perfect humans'. The reasons why some Christians believe this is that they think that healing people is good because Jesus told people to do what ever they could to heal humans. As well as God wanting people's lives to be improved so Liberal Protestants think it's no different from drugs, and it is like working with God instead of being God. They are also fine with other non-religious arguments' for genetic engineering. Catholics, Orthodox, Jews and some Muslims believe that genetic engineering should only be used to cure diseases and human embryos shouldn't be used to find cures for diseases because it is banned in the Bible, Torah and Qur'an. Other Christians believe that all type of genetic research should be banned. They believe that it will be playing the role of God and that will interfere with God's will. Also humans shouldn't try to make the earth perfect because only heaven is perfect, and they agree with other non-religious arguments against genetic engineering. To conclude I would say, I think genetic engineering should take place to a certain extent but we shouldn't take it to far as it could cause huge problems such as protests as in many peoples eyes it would be a huge sin as many arguments' back this up. ...read more.

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