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Equality and inequality

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Introduction

Equality and inequality Dear Editor, I am writing in response to the letter you published in your paper concerning 'poverty' by a hard working citizen. I wish to disagree on many of the points that this reader has made. It seems that the person who wrote this letter is misinformed about what poverty actually is. The kind of poverty the reader is talking about is 'relative poverty' in relation to this country. The reader says, "Some people can't even afford a car," but the poverty the reader hears about on the television and in newspapers in third world countries is 'absolute poverty'. This is where people have to focus all of their energy on just staying alive. The reader refers to third world countries as "so called poor," but they are in fact extremely poor. World vision (1991) states "800 million people are in absolute poverty" where they can't afford food or cloths. http://www.cafod.org.uk states "4.4 billion people live in developing countries. Of these: three fifths lack basic sanitation, a third don't have access to clean water, a quarter don't have adequate housing, a fifth have no access to modern health services, a fifth of children don't finish primary school and a fifth don't have adequate protein and energy from their food supplies." ...read more.

Middle

It is the richer and more developed countries, which are densely populated. The British and European empires took over the poor countries and changed their economic infrastructure to suit themselves. They changed the goods that the poor countries produced such as the Indian textile industry, which was replaced by British manufactured goods. The reason why rich countries colonised other countries was to exploit their natural resources and to gain raw materials for their industries. There are many different views on colonialism. Some people think that colonisation has helped some countries by industrialising them like Singapore, Thailand and Australia. Some people also think that if India wasn't colonised it would be an MEDC now. But other countries that haven't been colonised are even poorer like Nepal. In some countries being colonised structured their economies provided a sound infrastructure like roads, railways and bridges this shows considerable financial and technical investment. The colonists also left an educational and judicial framework, which at least gave the newly independent countries something to modify. However their export were reduced to one or two things, which were the ones that made the most money. The reason third world countries don't grow 'proper' crops is because of neo-colonisation. ...read more.

Conclusion

The reader finds it odd that we provide aid to poorer countries than ourselves. But it is mostly the rich countries fault that they are in poverty in the first place. England colonised a third of the world in the Victorian times. Some of the colonies included India, Pakistan and many parts of Africa which all are part of the third world. We also aid other countries because we are morally obligated to, we can't just sit there when people are dying and we know if we did something it would make a difference. Politics affect the reason why we aid other countries as well. If countries get too poor the global economy will be affected so the governments aid those countries but are actually helping themselves as well. If they help the poor countries to stabilise their economies they might buy products from them in the future. In conclusion I think that anyone who sees the people in third world countries as poor because they are lazy and don't acknowledge the richer countries part in them being in poverty are misinformed by lack of education. I hope that this letter has changed peoples thoughts and feelings on poverty and by creating a better-educated country we can alleviate poverty in the world. ...read more.

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