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Ethical Monotheism

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Essay: Judaism - Ethical Monotheism A1a) God is made known in as many ways as there are types of people in the world, but it is always the same God, ruling the world by rational rules. This theology is called ethical monotheism. Monotheism is the belief in one true God. Monotheists believe that their God is the one and only God and any other God is a 'fake'. People are monotheists if they believe that there is only one God who is holy or distinct, separate, special different and set apart; for monotheists, God is not part of the universe, but He transcends it. The world is changeable and finite whereas, God is perfect and infinite. Judaism was, many years ago, a monolatrous faith. This means that Jews believed in one God but understood others existed. Others at that time were polytheist, as they believed in lots of different Gods. Then after the Ten Commandments, God told his people to worship the one true God. From then on Judaism became a monotheistic faith. Monotheism and monolatory are similar but different terms. In order to be monotheistic you have to just believe in only one God and not accept any others but him. In order to be monolatrous, you again believe and worship one God however; you know and understand other Gods. ...read more.


This proves God is intimately involved in the world that He made: every season, every birth, and every death. He is with us through every stage of his divine creation. In believing this Jews also believe that God is immanent and transcendent. This means that at the same time, God is close to each and every one of us and there is no escape from Him. Judaism teaches that God is both dwelling in everything (immanent) and beyond our understanding (transcendent). The moral qualities attributed to God fall into two categories; his sterner qualities e.g. his righteousness and his justice and his gentler qualities e.g. his goodness. In the Hebrew bible as a whole the two categories are equally stressed and are seen as balancing each other. God created the world with justice and compassion. When God judges and punishes, his judgement is always fair and more importantly his punishment fits the crime with extreme precision. On the other hand when God rewards someone he does this too with extreme precision. These two together "measure for measure" basically his punishments match his rewards. Numbers, Chapter five contains an example of "measure for measure" when God punishes an adulterer by making her 'body swell'. Whatever happens in the world happens because God wants it to be, it is God's will. God as judge indicates His authority and right to punish people for not living according to the standards of His expected behavior. ...read more.


In some systems of ethics, the believer can choose what the right way to behave is. In Judaism, the ethics are absolute. Rules regarding behaviour are laid down in the Torah. The task is to learn and follow them. However there is still a choice. They are not made to follow the law however, if they do or they don't they still believe in God and that is said to be the most important. Jews believe that God is all the attributes I have mentioned earlier on, therefore to believe in God is a belief in his ethical qualities. God is ethical. If he wasn't then He wouldn't be a supreme, supranatural being. Jews believe in the unity of God and his oneness. Therefore his ethical attributes are part of that. However, if a Jew was asked which is more important, they would say to believe in the one true God. This is because if they don't believe like a monotheist should then, in short they aren't following God's will and overall are not a true Jew. Every faith is based upon the belief in God/s whether it is one God or many Gods. In this case it is the belief in one God, the belief in God is the most important thing to any believer. As long as they believe the rest of the faith will follow. In conclusion, it is better to believe than to base your beliefs on the way God acts. ?? ?? ?? ?? Page 1 of 5 ...read more.

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