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euthanasia

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Introduction

Euthanasia Essay Questions: AO1) Explain how a follower of a natural law might respond to issues raised in euthanasia? A02) A natural law approach is the best approach to Euthanasia? A01) "We should not interfere with nature but allow thing to take their rightful course" Ethics 6: Euthanasia by Reg Luhman What is natural law? Natural Law is a deontological theory and absolute. "The natural law theory states that everything is created for a particular function and fulfilling this purpose is the good which everything should aim" Ethics and religion by Joe Jenkins. The theory of Natural Law was put forward by Aristotle but championed by Aquinas. Aristotle believed that everything served a purpose and distinguished between 'efficient causes and 'final causes'. Aquinas was a Christian well-known Christian philosopher and theologian. St Thomas Aquinas' theory is absoulist and dentological which means that it is focused on the ethical actions. What is Euthanasia? The word euthanasia comes from the Greek meaning 'good death'. HOPE- Healthcare opposed to euthanasia defines it as 'The intentional killing by act or omission of a person whose life is felt not to be worth living.' There different types of euthanasia,involantary, volantaty, non- volantary, active and passive. ...read more.

Middle

A02) "Natural law gives a very straight forward and apparently objective way of deciding between right and wrong, avoiding many of the ambiguities of assessing expected results." Ethics by Mel Thomson What are other approaches to euthanasia? Kant's theory is very different to the natural law approach, it concerns the categorical imperative. When considering euthanasia Kant is not interested in the level of suffering or that we should do the most loving thing. A follower of Kant's theory would work out what the right thing do. Kant said we should act according to the maxims that we would make into the laws of nature. The last statement of the Categorical Imperative says we should not use people as a means to an end. Kant may have said that killing someone to end their pain was using them to another end. Other Kantians might argue the opposite; that a person's ends are best served by ending their misery. Kant's theory is not the best approach as it can be seen as selfish as it does not consider the level of suffering or the loving thing. Another approach is; Situation Ethics. Situation ethics was put forward by Joseph Fletcher in the 1960s; he came up with a set of criteria for personhood. ...read more.

Conclusion

Eudemonia means we have developed habits of patience, temperance, courage, wisdom, judgment ect. People suffering greatly from illness would not be living a eudaimon life. Virtue ethics is not the best approach as it is not always clear, would we expect someone to have the patience to cope with their condition, or the courage to end their own life. Is Natural law the best approach to euthanasia? Natural law can be seen as a good approach to euthanasia is it allows people to take a natural rightful course and recognises that everyone has the right to life. However the approach is not always clear as it allows euthanasia in cases of passive euthanasia and double effect. Another reason why natural law is not always the best approach is because "It has been argued that a belief in a loving and compassionate God entitles the belief that he would want people to have a worth while life that is not subject to intense pain." Euthanasia by Reg Luhman. Also to give pain- killing drugs or to perform an operation that would prolong life is also interfering with the course of nature, "it would be wrong to end life prematurely as it would be to extend arifically." By Reg luhman. Natural law also ignores the situation, the out come and the happiness of the person. So natural law is not always the best approach. ?? ?? ?? ?? Abigail Williams ...read more.

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