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"Every country should retain the death penalty is the ultimate punishment" - Argue in favour or against this viewpoint, explaining your stance.

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Introduction

Moral Dilemmas: Capital Punishment Fatimah Jilani Capital Punishment Hypothesis: "Every country should retain the death penalty is the ultimate punishment." Argue in favour or against this viewpoint, explaining your stance. Everyone has different views on capital punishment, the reason and form it is carried out. Many people make their decisions under the influence of people around them, their residence, their ethnicity and religion, playing the biggest role in guiding people about issues such as capital punishment. Some people feel strongly for the death penalty and others do not. I shall specifically focus on the views of an utilatarianists and social contract theorists and from my own religious perspective as a Muslim. Capital punishment is the legal imposition of death as punishment for violating criminal law. Throughout history, people have been put to death for various forms of misconduct. Methods of execution include lethal injection, electrocution and hanging. About 85 nations have abolished the death penalty and almost an equal number still carry it out. Countries such as the United States of America and China continue to apply the death penalty and the U.S.A carry out just over half the executions in the world. ...read more.

Middle

Muslims believe that anyone acting on His behalf must act according to His principles. This means that Muslims need to know what the suited punishment for a crime is and how bad the crime committed is. The criminal that has committed the crime must not being wrongly accused because it is believed a victim's life is equal to the offender's. Therefore, Muslims must be certain that the punishment is equal to the crime and that capital punishment in each case is God's command. 'What punishment may be inflicted on the person so that he may not commit the same sin again, or so that he may learn good manners.' Hadith In Islam, the emphasis is not on the punishment itself but the reform of the criminal. Islam teaches that whatever you have done wrong you still can change for the best so that is the reason behind punishment. In Islam, the family of the victim has a role in the punishment set for the criminal. They are able to have a say in what punishment could be served by the offender. However, it is then the decision of the Shari'ah Court, if the punishment demanded is rational. ...read more.

Conclusion

Some argue, in countries like the U.S.A, capital punishment is discriminatory. I understand but this is not the fault of capital punishment but of the people who carry it out. It is only society who can change this biased system of justice. There were quite a few known cases that helped me decide on my view. The case of Timothy McVeigh was quite influential. Timothy McVeigh was a city bomber in Oklahoma. He killed 168 people and injured hundreds. He did this to show that 'American government was becoming increasingly hostile.' He was executed. I believe that McVeigh had no right to take 168 lives to prove an opinionated point. So I think the death penalty was justified. Another case is that of Damilola Taylor. He was brutally killed and left to die after coming to England 'for a better life'. He did not deserve to die and I think that the killers should be executed. A young innocent boy has a life taken away from him intentionally so I believe that the death penalty would be in proportion to the crime committed. Finally, I believe that the death penalty is justified for certain crimes, and offenders should be punished for severe crimes. Capital Punishment does not have to be used as punishment for every crime but for extreme cases like murder, the death penalty should be the ultimate resort. ...read more.

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