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Examine and Comment on The Beliefs About Abortion

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Introduction

Examine and Comment on Religious Influences on Beliefs about Abortion Abortion is the deliberate termination of a pregnancy. The rate at which abortion is carried out around the world is increasing in numbers and is accepted in many more countries. I will be discussing the Christian and Islamic views on abortion. The general religious beliefs about abortion are that it is wrong. Life is sacred and is protected by the divine authority. God gave us life and it is his gift to us therefore he should decide when to take our life away. Abortion is going against this religious law as a sacred, God gifted life is taken away. The word morality comes from the Latin word moralis. It's concerned with which actions are right and which are wrong. Abortion is therefore also morally wrong as it is an action which is wrong. However, the question can be raised that if the woman is raped is the child conceived as sacred as that of a child conceived in marriage? In the view of morality the significance of the child would be the same as in rape and marriage the end result is the same; a new life is bought to the world. However, if the mothers life is in danger as a result of the child than is it acceptable to abort? Socially abortion would be accepted as the mother's life is being saved. If the mother chooses not to abort the child than her life and the life of the child maybe at risk. In the view of religion and morality abortion would also have to acceptable as the mother's life is at risk and if the mother did choose to abort, than the child would be bought up without a mother. This maybe the only time abortion is acceptable socially, morally and religiously. Islamic View Muslims believe that the Holy Quran was the final testament revealed to mankind in the time of the Prophet Muhammed (peace be upon him). ...read more.

Middle

One of the Ten Commandments is "Do not kill". The Commandments, being the word of God have to be strictly followed so killing is absolutely wrong; therefore abortion is absolutely wrong according to Christianity. The Church says that human life begins when the woman's egg is fertilised by a male sperm. From that moment a unique life begins, independent of the life of the mother and father. The features that distinguish us from our parents, the colour of our eyes, the shape of our face, are all laid down in the genetic code that comes into existence then. Each new life that begins at this point is not a potential human being but a human being with potential. Therefore, the foetus has to be treated like a human being. As killing a human being is wrong, this supports the fact that abortion is wrong. Further more, The Church condemned abortion as early as the 2nd century CE; a document called the Didache, written in the 2nd century (some time after 100 CE.), states: "You shall not kill the embryo by abortion and shall not cause the newborn to perish". Pope John Paul II took a very strong line on abortion, describing it as murder. In 1995, Pope John Paul II wrote a teaching letter to the whole Catholic Church called 'Evangelium Vitae' (The Gospel of Life). He stated the fundamental position of the Church: "I confirm that the direct and voluntary killing of an innocent human being is always gravely immoral". Pope John Paul II, Evangelium Vitae, 1995 In this he was directly referring to abortion, euthanasia and the destruction of human embryos in medical research. On abortion specifically the Pope wrote: "I declare that direct abortion, that is, abortion willed as an end or as a means, always constitutes a grave moral disorder, since it is the deliberate killing of an innocent human being Pope John Paul II, Evangelium Vitae, 1995 However, not all Catholics believe in what the Pope says about abortion. ...read more.

Conclusion

This scenario is similar to that in abortion as the choices are to continue with the pregnancy and give birth at the end of it or, to abort the child early on in the pregnancy. Judith Jarvis continues and relates the story with abortion and states that abortion is wrong. This again is yet another article that doesn't agree with abortion. However, one could argue that in the article the violinist is an individual and so is the person that is plugged with the violinist. They both have equal rights. However, during pregnancy the mother has more rights to live than the foetus so one could argue that the child could be aborted. Another school of thoughts may argue that the mother should decide on the abortion. She has more rights and it is her life that is going to change whether the abortion takes place or doesn't. It is completely legal in the U.K. for an abortion to take place so the mother wouldn't be wrong to have an abortion. The mother of the child mat only be young and it may have been an accident that she became pregnant; the best choice for her would be to abort as she is too young for a child, wouldn't be financially fit to supply the child and the child may be a burden on her is she were to continue with the pregnancy. Leslie Cannold argues that the child can only be aborted depending on the reason why it is to be aborted. I believe that abortion is wrong in all circumstances. Only if the mother's life is at risk is the abortion to take place. It is immoral for the mother to abort the child for any reason other than this as it seen as murder in both Islam and Christianity. I believe that God created us to live life as a gift, not for it to be destroyed; therefore, He is the only one with the right to take it too. As it states in the Holy Quran: Quran 4:29 ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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