• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine the accounts of the birth of Jesus as found in the St.Matthew and St.Luke. What are the similarities and differences.

Extracts from this document...


AO1: Examine the accounts of the birth of Jesus as found in the St.Matthew and St.Luke. What are the similarities and differences. The story of the birth of Jesus is recoreded in two books of the new testament, the Gospels according to St.Matthew and St.Luke. We find the accounts of Jesus' birth in them. Luke's account, the most popularly known, includes the angel's visit to Mary, the world-wide census, the birth in the manger in Bethlehem, the angel's visit to the shepherds, and the shepherd's visitation to the stable Matthew's account is different. It contains Joseph's visit by an angel in a dream, the birth in Bethlehem ( with no details ), the visit by the magi ( the wisemen ), the presentation of their gifts, the subterfuge of King Herod, and the escape to Egypt by the holy family These Christian writers have recorded the good news about Jesus' life and death. Christmas is the story of Jesus's birth. Important things are mentioned, for example, that Jesus is the Son of God. Also, that he is both human and divine, that he is the Messiah the chosen one who the Jews believe will liberate them and that he is that he is the decendant of the great king David. ...read more.


The angel came to her and said, "Peace be with you! The Lord is with you and has greatly blessed you!" Mary was rather troubled by the message from the angel. She had no idea what the words meant. The angel said to her, "Don't be afraid, Mary; God has been gracious with you. You will become pregnant and give birth to a son, you will name him Jesus." ( Luke 1: 28-32 ) You can see that both accounts are quite different in this case. Although, the similarity is that in both cases, the angel said that the child would be conceived by the Holy Spirit and would be called Jesus. Also, in Luke you're told that Mary went to visit her cousin Elizabeth, who had given birth to John. In Matthew you are noy told anything about Mary visiting her cousin.In Mathew's gospel you're not told that Mary and Joseph travelled to Bethlhem for the census, like I mentioned before, you find this in Luke's gospel. The difference that I found rather interesting to mention, was that in Matthew's gospel were told that Jesus was born in a house, in Luke, he was born in a stable and laid in a manger. ...read more.


Although in Matthew, Joseph was told by an angel in a dream that it would be safer to return to Israel to avoid Herod as he ordered the death of boys under the age of two, around all of Bethlehem. Jesus was in danger so that was the best choice for the time. A similarity between both gospels is that they describe Mary as a virgin, stating she had no sexual intercourse with Joseph. Luke describes this on more detail. So, to come to an end, Mathew's account was really the narrative which seems to be told from Joseph's point of view. Matthew wanted to establish the legitimcy of Jesus' claim to the messianic throne by taking Joseph's standpoint. Where Luke, apparently tells the nativty story from the stand point of Mary. He emphasizes her feelings and emotions as the mother of the Messiah. So, the differences between the birth stories in the gospels may have been for a variety of reasons, including the possibility that Jesus wasn't born in Bethlehem at all. However , the two birth accounts do inform us of God's intentions to minister to rich and poor, oppressed and mighty. And that Jesus, even as an infant, was Emmanuel God withn us. The two texts, however, cannot be harmonized. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Christmas section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Christmas essays

  1. Describe the birth of Jesus in Bethlehem.

    Not only the Shepherds gave gifts but later in Jesus' life he gave himself to save the people from their own sins: "The Son of Man will die as God has decided." (Verse 22, line 22 of Luke's gospel) The birth of Jesus is very important to Christians because it

  2. R E revision notes Mark's gospel is about good news. ...

    * The soldiers made fun of the idea he was King. * Golgotha - they brought Jesus to Golgotha and offered him wine mixed with myrrh but he refused it and so they crucified him and then divided his clothes up between them.

  1. Explain The Significance Of Jesus's Birth

    Although both parents are given different names they decide to name him Jesus. This difference is not considered very important as both names are similar and show the authenticity of Jesus' parenthood.

  2. The Story of Christmas and the Christ Child

    Popular beverages served especially at Christmas time include eggnog in the United States. Many people in Sweden drink glogg, a hot punch made with spices, sweet liquors, raisins, and nuts. Favourite Christmas desserts in many countries include fruitcake, mince pie, and pumpkin pie.

  1. Explain the relationship of the infancy narrative of either Matthew or Luke to the ...

    Matthew's infancy narrative shows that this miracle fulfilled a prophecy uttered centuries before by Isaiah [Isaiah 7:14; Matthew 1:22, 23; Roeben]. In Matthew's Gospel Joseph is considering divorcing Mary after finding out she is pregnant. An angel appears to him, telling him who the child is and commanding him not to divorce her.

  2. I am going to write about three different poems, which have a different view ...

    The poem is divided into six stanzas each with four lines. Each stanza leads into the next with progressing mysteries. However, the last stanza's fourth line is separated from the rest of the stanza. I think the poet wrote it like this so that the last, important line is emphasised on its own.

  1. Four Gospels.

    * Treasures New and Old * The Rejection of Jesus at Nazareth Chapter 14-15 -Multipied Loaves for the Multitudes * The Death of John the Baptist * Herod the ruler put prison on account of Herodias, his brother Philip's wife * On Herod's birthday, the daughter of Herodias danced before

  2. Christian Marriage

    There are all different types of ceremonies. Here is one of them:- I have chosen to do The Marriage Ceremony. The Marriage Ceremony After welcoming everyone to the register office, the superintendent registrar will remind the bride and groom of the solemn and binding character of the vows they are about to make.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work