• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine the design argument for the existence of God.

Extracts from this document...


Q1) Examine the design argument for the existence of God. (10) The Greek word telos means distance. The teleological argument is based on the fact that things seem to have a distant purpose, an aim, an end. The argument sees an orderliness in the universe in things such as the changing season, the intricacy of an eyeball, the complexity of the human brain. The argument states that this orderliness argues that there is a Designer or Architect, i.e. God. The argument has been put forward in many different forms throughout history. In the Bible, the first chapter of the book of Genesis describes how God created the world in seven days. The book of Job presents the argument as a series of questions. "Where were you when I (God) laid the earth's foundations? ..." The Greek philosopher Aristotle was also a strong supporter of the argument. He thought that "we are in the dark about the purpose of many things. ...read more.


There does seem to be an order, a design, a purpose to the world and the things within it. It therefore stands to reason that something must have created this order, design, purpose for how else would they have come into existence? However, we must be careful that we do not turn the argument from design upside down. For example human arms were not designed to be at the right height for door handles, it was the other way around. Similarly eggs were not designed to fit egg cups it was the other way around. Also as science develops it has raised more questions. Darwin's studies have suggested that the world and nature were not simply created instantly but have evolved over millions of years. Nature has proved to be red in tooth and claw which has resulted in many millions of painful years of evolution. Science can also be used to support the design argument. There is nothing to say that the process of evolution is not the way in which God decided to create his design. ...read more.


If natural disasters are added to this (earthquake, plague, volcanic eruption etc) one could question the wisdom and the goodness of the Designer. Even if one could prove the existence of a Designer who is to say (as the Scottish philosopher David Hume asked) whether the Designer is not plural, or stupid or downright evil? Or whether the order, which we see, is imposed on the chaos in which we live by humans who are insistent in finding a pattern and a meaning? With such considerations in mind more recent forms of the teleological argument such as those proposed by F. R. Tennant and Richard Swinburne are less than absolute than those of the past. What we can say is that an intelligently designed universe cannot be proved, however, it is more probable than a universe, which is ruled by blind forces or by chance. How can the sheer orderliness, uniformity and predictability of our world be simply put down to a coincidence? Although a purposeful Designer cannot be proved to exist it is a more plausible and satisfactory explanation of the evidence that we have than any other. Matthew Ebbs ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Existence of God section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Existence of God essays

  1. Discuss the teleological argument for the existence of God. How viable is this argument?

    Once this happens, the environment also causes the species which is fittest - or best suited to the conditions - to survive. This theory is best known as Natural Selection or survival of the fittest. The consequences this has for the teleological argument is, the separate creation of species, because

  2. "Religious experience is all in the mind of the believer" -Examine and comment on ...

    Swinburne carefully states his positive principal of credulity - if it seems to a subject that x is present, then probably x is present - so that it does not apply to experiences of absences. The negative principal - if it seems to a subject that x is not present then x is probably not present - he rejects.

  1. The Teleological Argument.

    The Franciscan tradition in particular, beginning with St. Francis of Assisi and St. Bonaventure, maintains that God is beautiful and the beauty of the world attracts us to God. A modern Franciscan theologian Paul Rout (1996), 'Francis and Bonaventure,' puts it as follows:' Sometimes we are overwhelmed by beauty, such as when we are faced by the beauty of the natural world.

  2. Outline the Design Argument for the Existence of God

    This is evidence for a divine designer. "If the attracting forces had varied according to any direct law of the distance, let it have been what it would, great destruction and confusion would have taken place." (Paley, Natural Theology, 1802)

  1. Outline the design argument for the existence of God.

    is the work only of some inferior deity and is the object of derision to his superiors; it is the production of old age ... and ever since his death has run on from the first impulse and active force which he gave it ...

  2. Free essay

    Comment on The Design Argument

    However, atheists can argue that the universe could not have been created by God as we haven't any clear evidence to prove the existence of God. We cannot see God so how can we believe in Him? How can God be all-knowing and love his creation when evil and suffering continues to dwell in certain parts of the world?

  1. What are the key features of the design argument for the existence of God? ...

    The argument is quite profound in its simplicity. The evidence for this argument is divided into two segments: the teleological and the arguments from providence. Swinburne's teleological argument is again probability, the fact that the universe is so complex and yet it is governed by "simple" scientific laws which provides the environment for life.

  2. Outline and Critically Evaluate the design Argument

    He realised that this fact contradicted the Teleological argument and therefore needed to be considered among such discussions. Having gained such knowledge of the way in which species evolve, he looked at the evolution of man, clearly seeing that our ancestors take form in the shape of monkeys.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work