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Examine the Presentation of the Person of Jesus in the Johannine Eschatology & Judgement Passages.

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Introduction

Gabriela Belmar-Valencia 13CA 27th December 2003 Examine the Presentation of the Person of Jesus in the Johannine Eschatology & Judgement Passages In John's Gospel, Jesus is often presented as a judge whose authority comes directly from God. In Chapter 5 Jesus repeatedly declares this: "the Father judges no one but has entrusted all judgement to the Son", "I judge only as I hear, and my judgement is just, for I seek not to please myself but him who sent me". Jesus calls himself the "Son of Man", a name from the Old Testament with strong connotations of judgment: "A son of man, coming with the clouds of heaven", "He was given authority, glory and sovereign power" Daniel. ...read more.

Middle

This is a traditionally Jewish futuristic view of eschatology. Future eschatology is defined by Barclay as a Second Coming of Jesus at some time unknown. In John's Gospel there are some implications of a future judgement: "a time is coming", many references to a "last day". Barclay argues that this is not a contradiction of realised eschatology but simply an indication that judgement is "immediate and continuous". People are judged now and will continue to be judged. Barrett points out that the references to the future are used because the promise of salvation through judgement is already being fulfilled. Sanders and Mastin point out that John is shifting emphasis away from future eschatology because he wishes to show that people's own responses to Jesus now are important and will give them access to eternal life. ...read more.

Conclusion

Otto refers to Jesus as the eschatological saviour. Jesus' salvation of people leads to judgment: "just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, even so the Son gives life to whom he is pleased to give it. As with Jesus' judgement, his salvation is both now and in the future. "Those who have done good will rise to live" clearly implies that salvation takes place in the future while the present tense in "whoever believes in him is not condemned" implies that salvation has been achieved now. The two are not mutually exclusive, Hunter regards salvation as a present process. It is something available now and something that continues to be available. John also portrays Jesus as being divine. ...read more.

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