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Explain how Thomas Aquinas attempts to prove the existence of God.

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Introduction

´╗┐Euan Godbold Thomas Aquinas Tomas Aquinas was an Italian Catholic priest of the Dominican Order, and is considered to be one of Christianity?s most important philosophers and theologians. Thomas Aquinas studied in Cologne, and went on to teach in the same city, before he was sent to Paris. He saint was offered to teach in Rome, and we even asked by Clement IV to be the archbishop of Naples, but he refused both. Aquinas remained a keen author and preacher throughout his life, and left behind a great monument of his learning, the Summa Theologica. The work consisted of three parts: on God, on Ethics, and on Christ. In the first part, Aquinas gives proofs for God?s existence and His attributes. ...read more.

Middle

Every thing requires a mover, but since an infinite regress of movers is impossible, there must be an unmoved mover whom is the source of all motion. Aquinas states that this ?unmoved mover ? is what we call God. 2 ? The Argument from Efficient Causes - The second argument argues that God must have been the First Cause, or creator of the universe. Aquinas argues that some things are caused, and those which are have been caused by something else. Since, again, an infinite regress of causation is impossible, there must be an uncaused cause that is the first cause. This ?causer?, Aquinas says, is what we call God. This argument is similar to the argument of the unmoved mover, however in this argument Aquinas tries to prove that God must be the First Cause or creator of the universe and not just the source of motion. ...read more.

Conclusion

4 ? The Argument from Degree - The argument from degree or ?way of perfection? is more an explanation of a standard for morality. As Aquinas explains, all good things must resemble the most perfect and good thing. Yet humans are not perfect, so there must be something non-human which is a perfect being with which to resemble good, and this must be God. 5 ? The Teleological Argument (from Design) - Aquinas? final argument, the argument from design, is a teleological argument. Here he suggests that inanimate objects, such as planets, could not have ordered themselves because they lack the intelligence to do so. Yet they are aligned and in orbit, so some being with intelligence must have ordered them. Since humans are intelligent but cannot move all inanimate objects, the only other intelligent being is God. ...read more.

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