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Explain in detail the Islamic understanding of God.

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1. Explain in detail the Islamic understanding of God (20) 2. Explain 'al Qa'dir and discuss the view it is souly the responsibility of humans to determine their places in the afterlife. 1. The fact that there is only one word for God "Allah" makes him unique and emphasises the fact that there is only One God. To a Muslim, Allah is the Almighty, the Creator and Sustainer of the universe, Who is similar to nothing and nothing is comparable to Him. The essence of the Islamic understanding is of monotheism and the unity of God. It is commonly misunderstood by non-Muslims that Allah is a stern, cruel unforgiving God, one who must be obeyed fully despite the fact that he is neither loving or kind. However this is not true and this is drawn out by each of the Quran's begining with the verse: "In the name of Almighty God, the Merciful, the Compassionate." In one of the sayings of the Prophet Muhammad, we are told that "God is more loving and kinder than a mother to her dear child." But God, Who is just, He can't allow those who do evil and commit sins to escape punishment. Also, he cannot allow those who lead a good religious life to go unrewarded. ...read more.


He knows its lodging place and its repository. If the Creator is eternal and everlasting, then his characteristics must also be eternal and everlasting. He can't lose any of his characteristics or acquire new ones, for example evil. In order to be a Muslim, to submit to God, it is necessary to believe in the oneness of God and that He is the only creator, preserver, sustainer, and so on of all of creation. You must acknowledge the fact that only God deserves to be worshipped, a belief that results in the individual refusing to worship any other thing or bring. 2. Al Quadir involves the notion that God has allowed humans freewill and it is us who determine our place in heaven and hell. However, the argument follows that God has a divine plan for the universe yet we are still allowed freedom. One of the main concepts in Quran and Islam is the concept of determinism, Al Qad'ir which is divine plan ultimately saying God knows our every move. According to Islam, believing in Allah is the sole purpose of a human's life in this world. Upon this idea, it depends on what we do for our chance to enter the paradise. Failing to pray to Allah would bring eternal damnation and the hellfire. ...read more.


that is not contained in the written tablet of the decree of Allah" Most modern Muslims tend to side with the free will of man but their opinion is drastically in contrast with many verses of Quran that alarmingly maintain that Allah's decision are completely his choice. One may argue that since God is the owner of this universe, he can do whatever he wants with it without having to respond to any body else, just as a house owner can do anything with his house. Since he is the owner of his property his decisions are the final decisions and his will is the law. He is free to do whatever he wishes but if he is wise he follows the norms of logic and therefore his actions are predictable. Of course, God can do whatever he pleases; He is not bound by any law But what about common sense shouldn't God be reasonable? Shouldn't his actions make sense? Why should a just God throw into hell a person who has committed no crime and reward one who has done no good? This goes against any sense of justice, in today's world. In conclusion, I cannot see a way through this contradiction and therefore our responsibility in determining our afterlife is minimal at best. Religious Studies Islamic understanding of God and Al Qa'dir 2.12.01 Robert Cohen -1- ...read more.

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