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Explain Paley's teleological argument Paley's version of the teleological argument argues that structure or order or purpose in the universe

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The Teleological Argument-June 2003 a) Explain Paley's teleological argument Paley's version of the teleological argument argues that structure or order or purpose in the universe is evidence for the idea of a creator or a designer. Paley says this designer is God. Paley's argument works by analogy, this is when 2 cases are compared and what is true about one is then claimed to be true of the other. Similar effects imply similar causes, this is argument from analogy. The argument is based on goals or ends or purposes and a designer is needed to explain the goal-orientated structure of such objects in the universe. Paley uses the idea of a watch created by a designer and compares this with the eye. ...read more.


Eyes should also lead us to claim they were also the product of a designer. Paley also says that because natural objects display an even greater degree of intricate and sophisticated design than man- made objects, the designer of these natural objects must be even more intelligent and have even greater creative powers than man. From experience and observation we can conclude that wherever an object (or system) has parts ordered, arranged, and inter- related in a complex, delicately balanced way, so a certain purpose can be achieved, then the object (or system) is the product of an intelligent designer. Paley's argument is inductive; this is when there is no guarantee between the truth of the premise and the truth of the conclusion. The conclusion is probable and it is an aim to persuade the audience rather than to offer conclusive proof. ...read more.


Also there could be several intelligent designers which govern all the objects in the world man-made or natural - vegetation could be governing principle in plants, generation in animals, gravity for plants etc. There could also be 2 other possible analogies. When Hume compares the world to a carrot and appeals to the process or vegetation- ie. He suggests that the matter may possess some inner principle of self- regulation and growth. 3 similar effects do not imply 3 similar causes, to know that an orderly universe must rise from an intelligent designer we need to have experience of the origin of the universe. Also the universe could be a result of a random cosmic event The universe is bound to have the appearance of design- there could be no universe if the parts were not adapted to each other to some degree. Some people may say Hume's comments have not destroyed Paley's argument because ?? ?? ?? ?? Sehrish Saleemi ...read more.

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