• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain the arguments put forward by some Christian pacifists and demonstrate how Christian non-pacifists might support their position

Extracts from this document...


Explain the arguments put forward by some Christian pacifists and demonstrate how Christian non-pacifists might support their position. Christian pacifists could argue that Jesus' teaching and examples are clearly against violence so why shouldn't other Christians spread Jesus' teachings? Also, St. Paul wrote to the Romans: For it is written: 'It is mine to avenge; I will repay' says the Lord. (Romans 12:19-20) This means that even if someone attacks you, you should not attack them back. Christian pacifists could argue that all Christians should follow the Ten Commandments, one of which includes: You shall not murder (Exodus 20:13) One of the most antiwar arguments is the fact that wars result in the deaths of innocent people and, therefore, war is necessarily immoral. For example, the War in Iraq has caused approximately a minimum of 8000 civilian deaths. ...read more.


Additionally, Ralph Waldo Emerson said: "Peace cannot be achieved through violence, it can only be attained through understanding." However, a theory was created by St. Thomas Augustine, developed by Thomas Aquinas around 1250CE and additionally developed by the Roman Catholic Church, which was called the "Just War" theory. The aim of this theory was to provide a guide to the right way for states to act in potential conflict situations. This gives criteria that need a legitimate authority, have a just aim and intention, be waged proportionately and with discrimination and have a good chance of success. Not just the aim of the war, but the means used to fight it must be in proportion. Therefore, only enough force and no more should be used. Consequently, retaliating with a nuclear weapon in would make that war unjust, even though the cause of the war may be just. ...read more.


Violence is sometimes necessary in order to protect the weak and enforce law and order in society. That is the reason why policemen carry with them batons and guns. For example, in a violent rebellion, police need to use violence and force against the perpetrators as otherwise innocent civilians may get hurt or killed. Non-pacifists could additionally argue that if we are improving peoples' lives, we are right to go to war. This is the message given by Isaiah: "Is this not the king of fasting I have chosen: To loose the chains of injustice and untie the cords of the yoke, to set the oppressed free and to break every yoke?" (Isaiah 58:6) Also, most societies and people regard going to war as fulfilling a citizen's ethical duty, they honour and remember those who gave their lives in wars, for example, the Second World War. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Morality of War section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Morality of War essays

  1. Describe And Explain Christian Teachings About Human Rights

    Action needs to be taken to ensure people are given the right to dignity, freedom and respect. This does not mean acting in violent ways but simply telling people about what you think and what should be done to change what is happening.

  2. Domestic violence.

    In this triennium 45 (12%) of women whose deaths were investigated self reported a history of domestic violence. The figure is likely to be an underestimate of the prevalence of domestic violence, as it appears that none of the 378 women in this report had been routinely screened antenataly for domestic violence.

  1. 'In the light of ethical theory, discuss arguments for and against pacifism.'

    They say God has given everybody an inner light to live by, and the inner light will help us see the true reality of the situations we find ourselves in. Finally properly the best arguments for the idea of pacifisms are examples of when it has been used and has worked to chance an injustice.

  2. Free essay

    The Role of the Accident Compensation Corporation in the Prevention of Family Violence in ...

    Evaluation of this project indicates that completion of the programme leads to reports of increased wellness from child participants, the development and implementation of safety plans by children and an increased awareness by parents of the effect of witnessing family violence on children.

  1. Explore the idea that organisations fail when it comes to supporting domestic abuse survivors ...

    when women use them, but the question is how much support is available for the Muslim women? Bewley (1994) argues that there are practical difficulties to be faced. Muslim Women are often financially dependent upon their partners, they may not have anywhere else to stay, and there may be children dependent upon them.

  2. What is 'intimate violence'? How do different theorists attempt to explain it?

    This is probably the most widely used definition amongst sociologists as it includes a wide range of behaviour including fear or force, threats, physical use together with emotional abuse, it includes rape, sexual assault, woman beating and sexual harassment. Maynard and Winn (Cited in Richardson and Robinson,1993: 175-6)

  1. War in the modern world includes terrorism and the threat of nuclear war. ...

    arms in military service, based on personal Christian conviction, without seeking to influence any individual in either direction. The army offers a full spiritual ministry to those arriving at either decision, with all-possible help and guidance. Based on scriptural teaching concerning respect for properly constituted civil authority, the Army consuls

  2. Discuss how violent material on screen might - a) Do harm and b) Do ...

    that media violence is in any way responsible for violence in our society. If it weren't for the ratings and profits involved, producers would undoubtedly be much more willing to acknowledge the harm in TV and film violence and do something about it.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work