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Explain the importance of Henry's relationship with the Papacy in relation to other factors in maintainingThe stability of the church in 1485-1509

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Introduction

Explain the importance of Henry's relationship with the Papacy in relation to other factors in maintaining The stability of the church in 1485-1509 Many factors contributed to the stability of the church and Henry VII was very important in maintaining that stability. Henry VII was not directly involved in the progress of Protestant reform in England. In fact, he died before the Reformation became a factor in the development of the English church. However, Henry VII was involved in the historical circumstances that set the stage for the choices his son felt he had to make when he became king--choices that pushed him inexorably toward a complete break between the English church and the Roman Catholic church. Henry was pious and had desire for security. He continued to maintain excellent relations with the Pope, and he remained a devout Christian, this is demonstrated by his religious commitment which is evidenced in his pilgrimages to Our Lady of Walshingham, and decreeing 10000 for the salvation of his immortal souls. He also appointed more bishops who were lawyers and Bishops were theologians. He never challenged the authority of the Pope or the Roman Church and this helped the maintenance of the stability of the English church, which followed the Roman church, with the Pope as its head. Henry did not have any influence over the church courts and was also determined that the authority of the pope in the church courts should not prejudice his rights and interests. ...read more.

Middle

The tradition of statues, laws and parliamentary acts together with the collective memory of the legal profession and judges provided a basis for a renewed pursuit of this in the late 15th century. Guy says that 'by instigating internal reforms, novel procedures, restudying the law, the place of canon law (church) was questioned" and during Henry's reign there was a constant conflict between Henry and the humanists who wanted to defer canon law to common law and the church who was adamant on keeping common law, for example an act in 1512 restricted the privilege to clerks in major orders, "thus removing its worst anomaly which had protected numbers of rogues who said that a brief acquaintance with the church or the universities," as G. R. Elton wrote. Therefore the humanists and Henry did not maintain the stability of the England church well, as they created a conflict with the Church, but this only had a small impact on the Church as it only affected a few. Canon law meant that they had to preach four times a year, visit the sick and have daily liturgies. It could also be argued that the church was not stable between the years 1485-1509, because of the large groups of voices of discontent such as the Lollards based in Kent. By the middle of the fifteenth century, England's innocence of heresy had been compromised for good. ...read more.

Conclusion

The humanism movement encouraged the questioning and re-examination of classical texts and the original scriptures, therefore encouraging a reformation as those who followed this movement would see the corruption in the medieval Roman Church, such as many of the clergy committing simony or absenteeism, and some might break away from the church or just reform inside the Church. therefore by encouraging humanism in his court he did not maintain the stability of the English church. Overall there were different factors which made the church unstable and stable. Henry, the behaviour of the English church, the Lollardy and the fact that only the Roman Church existed as a form of Christianity helped to maintain the stability of the English church during Henry's reign. Although Henry himself, the Humanism movement and sometimes the behaviour of the church did affect the stability of the church negatively. Henry also needed papal support, as Archbishop Morton visited Rome to secure papal support to pave the way for papal dispensation for Henry to marry Elizabeth of York. Henry was the most important role in maintaining the stability of the English church, as it was he who "governs the church," but the other factors were important in helping to maintain that stability. The uprising of the Lollards also showed that the English church was not completely stable, it was stable mostly during Henry's reign, despite Henry's legal advisers making attacks on the church courts, or the abuses of the church or the fact that he did not have any influence over the church courts or the fact that there were disagreements over common law and cannon law. ...read more.

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