• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain The Ontological Argument From Anselm And Gaunilo's Objections To It

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Explain the Ontological Argument from Anselm and Gaunilo's objections to it Around 1093, the monk Anselm came up with the Ontological Argument; an argument which is Analytic, Deductive and A Priori. In a deductive argument, all the premises are valid, and there are no mistakes in the logic. If you agree with the logic of every premise, then the conclusion gives you proof. If you are able to accept all the premises of Anselm's Ontological Argument, then this gives you proof that God exists. This is the definition of a Deductive Argument. Anselm splits the Ontological Argument into two sections; demonstrating God's existence, and defining what particular existence God must have. These arguments are found in Anselm's book of prayers Proslogian, chapters two and three. In his first argument, Anselm does not try to prove the existence of God, but attempts to demonstrate it. ...read more.

Middle

By popular agreement, it would be greater for their paintings to exist not only in their minds, but in reality for others to grasp. The main strategy Anselm uses to get people to accept his argument more is by using Reductio Ad Absurdum; reducing the opposing argument to present Anselm's argument as the correct one. With the first section of the Ontological Argument, Anselm explains that people who state that 'God does not exist', Psalm 14, are fools. This is because the word 'God' is analytic, and saying that something that cannot not exist 'does not exist' is completely contradictory. Anselm's second section to the Ontological Argument is located in Proslogian Chapter three. Just like in Chapter two, Anselm starts of by defining God in Chapter three as 'that than which nothing greater can be conceived', and when we read this we grasp this concept and it is in our minds, In Intellectu. ...read more.

Conclusion

If you imagine a flying spaghetti, you cannot move from what is said, De Dicto, to what exists in reality, In Re. By using Reductio Ad Absurdum against Anselm, Gaunilo is able to back up his first point. Gaunilo's second counter-argument links with his first; he states that it is possible to define abstract concepts into reality. To make it clearer as to how Anselm does this, Gaunilo presents the idea of the Most Perfect Island. Just because we are able to imagine something so perfect, does not mean we are able to therefore accept its existence. Such an idea would be 'foolish'. The final counter-argument that Gaunilo puts forward is also similar to the previous two. He uses the example that through a conversation, we may have heard about a person and concepts about them. However, even though we have heard about this person in conversation, this does not mean that this person exists in reality. And until we find them we cannot know if their presence exists. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Existence of God section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Existence of God essays

  1. The Ontological Argument - Describe and explain the ontological argument for the existence ...

    There are some major problems with the validity of this test, since the Bible tells us this test will fail. The Old Testament tells us not to test God. Jesus reinforced this concept when He was tempted by Satan, who told Him to jump off the temple wall.

  2. The ontological argument

    is something in the world that corresponds to the concept of this subject. For example when we say 'a moon-jumping cow' we are not describing anything new simply a four stomached ruminate which jumps over a moon and exists. The ruminant which jumps over the moon corresponds to an object in the world.

  1. Explain the Ontological argument.

    Davies challenges this argument because he believes that Malcolm has failed to acknowledge the word 'is' can be used in different ways. It can be used to describe something or explain something, while the first is descriptive the latter use tells one nothing only to suppose the existence of the subject.

  2. Explain the Ontological Argument from Anselm and Guanilo’s objections to it (33)

    Anselm's idea of contingency and necessity states that most things in this World are contingent; they depend on other things for their existence. As God is the idea that nothing greater can be thought of, "he" does not just exist, but is necessary, and does not require anything else to

  1. Explain the Ontological argument from Anslem and Gaunillo's objection 9s?

    Therefore it is greater to exist in reality than in the mind. If God is truly that than greater which cannot be conceived, it follows that God must exist both in the mind and in reality. If God did not exist in reality as well as our understanding, then we could conceive of a greater being i.e.

  2. "Modern visions of the Ontological Argument are more successful than early versions"

    being than which none greater can be imagined, "it does not therefore follow that he understands what the word signifies exists actually, but only that it exists mentally." Ren´┐Ż Descartes (1596-1650) resurrected Anselm's argument, stating that the idea of God as a perfect being requires existence.

  1. Analyse the ontological argument for the existence of God. Do you agree with ...

    This entity however exists purely in our imagination, yet Anselm then went on to suggest that it is better to exist in reality than it is in our imagination. Therefore, a being 'which none greater exists' would have to exist in reality in order for it to the ultimate entity,

  2. Consider Crittically the Arguments against the DesignArgument Deomonstrating the Existence of God and assess ...

    Hume points to alternative governing principles including generation, vegetation and gravity. There is nothing to stop one of these three dominating over intelligence, or further still having different principles ruling over their natural domains, for example, vegetation in plants, generation in animals, and gravity in the movement of the planets.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work