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Explain the reasons why Muhammed left Mecca for Medina.

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Introduction

Explain the reasons why Muhammed left Mecca for Medina While Muhammed hadn't spent all of his life in Mecca, he had been born there, and as such regarded it as his home. However, there were notable differences between the commonly held beliefs of Meccans, and of Muhammed himself, which were ultimately to force Muhammed into exile to Medina. Mecca, centre of the Arabian paganism of the time, was an extremely corrupt place. Religious belief in one, all-powerful god had warped into polytheism, supporting belief in around 300 gods, which was taught by Mecca's religious leaders. Greed motivated violence, which often resulted in wars. Drinking, gambling and rape were all everyday features of life in the city. Survival in the elitist society was based solely on strength (physical or financial), and as such was very unfair. Even before the official messages from God were sent, Muhammed was unhappy chiefly with polytheism, and secondly with the overly tough lifestyle of the people in Mecca. ...read more.

Middle

Unexpected support came in the form of the rich, young tribesmen who were unhappy with the materialistic ways of their parents. While the Meccan underclasses of the poor, the elderly, the young and the slaves lent their support to Muhammed, most Meccans were outraged with the message that Muhammed broadcast - that their ways were wrong and that they should change, or "taste ye the touch of Hell" (Surah 54:48). The fact that Muhammed was uniting such different groups of people in spreading his message concerned the old religious leaders in Mecca, who wanted to safeguard their own authority - they feared that Muhammed would rise to power by revolution, once he had mobilised the young men that he had behind him. A group of people who were angered by Muhammed's condemnation of polytheism were the tradesmen. As the focal point of Arabian paganism, huge revenues were earned from tourism, as Arabs flocked to the heavily decorated Ka'ba on pilgrimage. Organised violence against the Muslims started to take place. ...read more.

Conclusion

Muhammed interpreted the invitation and pledges of support from the Yathribans as being a sign from God to abandon the conversion of Mecca, in favour of conversion on a larger scale. It was also very difficult to convert people to Islam if he wasn't even allowed to reach within the city he occupied. In Yathrib, it would be possible for the entire civilisation to be based on Islam - as God intended. Muhammed came to the conclusion that for the forseeable future, Islam could be nothing more than a religion in Mecca, whereas it could be the combined religious and political system in Yathrib. Muhammed's decision in leaving Mecca was accelerated by the leaking of his invitation to Yathrib to the powerful Meccan tribe of the Quraysh. Their proposed killing of Muhammed is detailed in the Qur'an. "Remember how the Unbelievers plotted against thee, to keep thee in bonds, or slay thee, or get thee out (of thy home). They plot and plan, and God too plans, but the best of planners is God" (Surah 8:30) ...read more.

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