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Explain what Christians believe about the 'sanctity of human life' and especially their responsibility for those at the beginning and those at the end of life. Use Bible passages and the Christian Church teaching to support your answer.

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Introduction

Religious Education Ao1 By Bradley T Hales 11-11 Explain what Christians believe about the 'sanctity of human life' and especially their responsibility for those at the beginning and those at the end of life. Use Bible passages and the Christian Church teaching to support your answer. The definition of abortion is the deliberate termination of a human pregnancy, the natural expulsion of a foetus from the womb before it is able to survive independently. In 1967 abortion was made legal in the United Kingdom. Since the abortion act was passed the number of abortions per year has increased from over twenty three thousand in 1968 to one hundred and eighty six thousand in 2001 (23,641-186,274). This year in the in the UK only there were over 200,000 abortions. That's about 547 abortions a day just in the UK. Since the abortion act passed the number of 16-24 year olds having an abortion has dramatically increased by 5%. But most the abortions in 2005 come from 25-34 year olds. ...read more.

Middle

Also proverbs 21-44 believe in preserving and supporting life. In the New Testament Jesus demonstrates compassion & concern for those who are dying. Jesus also portrays compassion for threatened groups Mark 10 groups like women, children, poor and the blind. Corinthians 6:18-20 describes our bodies are not our own but gifts from God. Therefore most Christians claim that our time of death is not our choice. Based on these teachings we find that the bible emphasises the sanctity of life. Churches teachings are based on these bible passages The Roman Catholic Church which in paragraph 2277 of the Catechism states whatever its motives and means direct Euthanasia insists in putting an end to lives of handicapped, sick or dying people. This is gravely contrary to the respect to the living god. Church teaching's encourages basic care, but discounts medical procedures in extraordinary or disproportionate treatment. Tube feeding is considered as basic care. But breathing equipment is considered extraordinary care. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is based on the principle of double affect. Which is sometimes known as the lesser of two evils. The principle of double affect focuses on the intention of an action and consists of four parts: * The intention of the action must be morally good e.g. to save the mother's life. * Good affect of saving the mother's life must be intended. * The good affect must not be the producer by the evil affect. * There must be a proportionally serious permitting the evil affect. The church of England are strong believers that the foetus is a God given life and is required to be nurtured, supported & protected. The Church of England believe that abortion is morally a very serious matter, to update that view in the light of changes to the 1967 abortion act introduced through human fertilisation act. The Methodist church believes that abortion is evil under any circumstances. To be avoided at all costs. If the woman is pregnant she can always give the baby away for adoption but this area will be looked at in AO2. ...read more.

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